University Catalog

Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and
Peacebuilding

College of Arts and Humanities

Bachelor of Arts

Master of Arts

Certificate

Post-Master's Certificate in
Conflict Analysis and Resolution

Faculty

Nancy D. Erbe, Program Director

A. Marco Turk, Michael White, Denise Williams

Emeriti Faculty

David A. Churchman, David Nasatir

Program Office: LIB E-510, (310) 243-3237

Program Description

The Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Program involves a comprehensive study of applied methods, theory, and research and a choice of various electives covering a wide range of applicable subjects. For example these areas deal with the concerns of counselors, law enforcement, teachers, social workers, therapists, and court personnel, benefit labor, human resources, and management professionals, are appropriate for individuals interested in careers in government, public interest groups, organizations (profit and non-profit), or as lobbyists, and are of interest to those seeking careers in the foreign service, the military, as well as international business and peace organizations. This degree also is offered online through distance learning delivery.

Undergraduate

Features

The Bachelor of Arts in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding is designed to be an interdisciplinary, thoroughly diversity-oriented, Undergraduate Degree Program in Negotiation, Conflict resolution and Peacebuilding with an emphasis on: (1) intercultural communication, (2) the role of women in culture, (3) mediation, and (4) the unique perspectives, fundamentals, theories, and research methods in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding studies.  The undergraduate major will provide a companion to the current NCRP Graduate program as a natural degree progression to pipeline students from the high school learning academies. The NCRP program has joint 3+3 option/concentration with ABA accredited Southwestern Law School. Students in this option/concentration complete 30 units of free electives selected by the student as the students first year curriculum of Southwestern Law School in order to also satisfy the undergraduate major requirements. Students electing the "3+3" modified program will be advised during their first year concerning necessary curriculum adjustments.

Graduate

Admission Requirements

Individuals with a bachelor's degree in any major and a GPA of 3.20 or above (4-point scale) in the last 60 semester or 90 quarter units of upper division course work from any accredited college or university may apply for admission to the degree program with classified status. Individuals with a master's degree in conflict resolution (or a closely related area) from any accredited college or university may apply for admission to the post-master's certificate program. All applicants must submit the standard admission application by May 1 for admission in the subsequent August, and by November 1 for admission in the subsequent January. Currently the program does not require the Graduate Record Examination. However, the program requires a 500-word biographical essay, and three letters of recommendation. The biographical statement and letters of recommendation must address: (1) what in the applicant's background indicates this subject matter is appropriate for this applicant, (2) why applicant desires this degree or certificate and (3) what does applicant plan to do with this degree or certificate once obtained. The biographical essay and letters of recommendation should be forwarded to the program director. Applicants will be selected to fill the vacancies in the program on the basis of grade point average (if applicable) and an evaluation of the biographical statement and letters of recommendation and may be required to participate in an oral interview. There is an opportunity to pursue a joint JD/MA cooperation with Southwestern Law School. Students interested in pursuing this opportunity should consult with the program director prior to commencement of their first semester as a graduate student.

Program

Once admitted, students must complete their program (degree or certificate) with a grade point average of at least 3.2. All courses used to fulfill the requirements for the master's degree or the certificate must be passed with a grade of "B" or better. Subject to approval of the program director, no more than 10 units total can be included from other departments or universities, or be completed prior to formal admission to the master's degree program and 5 units for the post-master's certificate. Students must be in continuous attendance as defined elsewhere in this University Catalog. No course completed as part of another degree, and no course completed more than 5 years before the date of graduation date, can be included toward the master's degree or certificate.

Each year the entering class for the degree or certificate program will be placed in a cohort for on campus education and a cohort for distance learning delivery. The program for each cohort will be designed for the orderly progression through the designated courses for the degree or certificate. The program for applicants admitted concerning the post-master's Certificate in Conflict Analysis and Resolution will be designed as dictated by the number of students entering this cohort annually.

Students for the master's degree must meet the Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement (GWAR) by scoring 8 or above on University Graduation Writing Examination (GWE) or by earning at least a "B" in an approved course as described in the University Catalog.

All other university requirements specified in this University Catalog must be met (see the Graduate Degrees and Postbaccalaureate Studies section).

Incomplete Courses

Students have one year to remove incomplete courses from their record, after which a failing grade automatically will be assigned. In rare cases such as a lengthy documented hospital stay, extensions might be granted by the program director. Students will not be permitted to enroll in new courses if they have two or more incomplete courses on their record.  A grade of Incomplete may be assigned by the instructor if a student is unable to complete a balance of course work that shall not exceed 50% of that required in the syllabus.  The instructor may make exception in well-documented cases of family or medical hardship.

Credit by Examination

Courses in the Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Program depend to a large degree on simulations, team learning, discussion, and papers growing out of these experiences. Therefore, credit by examination is not available.

Graduation

Students must complete a Graduation Application (available from the Registrar) and a Program Approval Form (available from the program office) according to the deadlines given in the graduate section of this University Catalog under "Application for Graduation". The Program Approval Form specifies the courses to be counted toward graduation, and insures that all students are Classified and Advanced to Candidacy. This applies to both the master's degree and the post-master's certificate programs.

Advising

Faculty usually schedule office hours immediately before classes. The days and hours for each faculty member may change from one semester to another, but are posted on their office doors. Faculty are available during office hours for advising on all aspects of the courses taught by them. Career, housing, personal, and other types of advising are best pursued through special offices for these purposes listed elsewhere in the University Catalog. The program director should be consulted regarding general academic program advising.

The Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Student and Alumni Association provides a means for students and alumni of the program to exchange ideas and job information and to extend their social and professional contacts. Students are strongly encouraged to join and participate.

 

Bachelor of Arts in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and
Peacebuilding (48 units)

Total Course Requirements for the Bachelor's Degree

See the "Requirements for the Bachelor's Degree" in the University Catalog for complete details on general degree requirements. A minimum of 40 units, including those required for the major, must be upper division.

Elective Requirements

Elective units (12) will be necessary to satisfy the requirement that the student satisfactorily completes an overall minimum number of 120 units.  While students will be permitted to make their own decision concern selection of electives, courses such as the following (existing and proposed) will be available choices for those who prefer to pursue further the interdisciplinary and diversity-oriented emphasis of this degree program.

Existing Courses

AFS 200. Introduction to Africana Studies (3)

AFS 330. Africana Literature and Culture (3)

ANT 312. Language and Culture (3)

APP 101. Introduction to Asian Pacific studies (3)

APP 321. Asian Pacific Art, Music and Literature (3)

APP 322. Values and Communication of Asian-Pacific Cultures (3)

CHS 300. Introduction to Chicana/o Studies (3)

CHS 400. Chicana/o Issues in Education and Society (3)

CHS 410. Chicana/o Popular Culture (3)

CHS 480. Mexican/Chicano and Central American Culture and Customs (3)

CHS 486. Chicana/o Family and Gender Issues (3)

ECO 380. The Economics of Urban Areas (3)

LBR 411. Contracts and Negotiations (3)

MUS 301. Music in World Cultures (3)

PHI 371. African World Religions (3)

POL 251. Quantitative Methods of political Analysis (3)

PSY 367. Effective Communication Skills (3)

SOC 367. Sociology of Law (3)

CSC 101. Introduction to Computer Education (3)

UNV 101. Personal, Social and Intellectual Development (3)

Proposed Courses

Africana Literature and Conflict Resolution in Africa (3)

Africana Cultures, Negotiation, and Restorative Justice (3)

African Religions (3)

Medic and Conflict in the African World (3)

Urban Politics in the African World (3)

Africana Family (3)

AFS/APP/CHS Interethnic Relations and Conflict in the U.S. (3)

Border as Metaphor: Chicana/o and Latina/o Artistic and Literary Perspective (3) (3)

Narrative as Social Commentary: Native American and Chicana Women's Narratives (3)

Inter-Ethnic Relations and Conflict in the U.S. (3)

Understanding Asians and Asian-American: Balancing Harmony and Conflict Across Cultures (3)

General Education Requirements (54-60 units)

See the "General Education" requirements in the University Catalog or the Class Schedule for the most current information on General Education requirements and course offerings.

United States History, Constitution and American Ideals Requirement (6 units)

See the "United States History, Constitution, and American Ideals" requirements in the University Catalog. Courses under General Education Area D will satisfy this requirement.

Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement

See the "Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement" in the University Catalog.

Minor Requirements

Single field major, no minor required.

Major Requirements (48 units)

The following courses, or their approved transfer equivalents, are required of all candidates for this degree:

A.  Required NCR Courses (24 units):

NCR 289. Key Issues in Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 290. Introduction to Negotiation Theory (3)

NCR 291. Psychology of Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 387. Environment and Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 390. Fundamentals of Conflict Resolution (3)

NCR 405. Research Methods in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 410. Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Pedagogy (3)

NCR 490. Capstone Course: Community Service Learning Internship as Culminating Experience (3)

 

B.  Interdisciplinary Courses (24 units):

ANT 338. Comparative Cultures: Peoples and Cultures of Mainland Southeast Asia (3)

ANT 339. Comparative Cultures: Native Cultures of Mexico and Central America (3)

PHI 383. Comparative Religions (3)

POL 371. Conflict, Violence and Nonviolence (3)

SOC 331. Minority Relations (3)

SOC 334. Women in Society (3)

SOC 335. Social Movements: Resistance, Change and Communities (3)

SOC 362. Gangs and Adolescent Subcultures (3)

Master of Arts in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and
Peacebuilding (36 units)

A.  Required Courses (24 units):

NCR 500. NCRP Skills, Concepts and Tools (3)

NCR 503. Ethics of Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 504. Theories of Conflict (3)

NCR 507. Seminar: Research Design and Interpretation (3)

NCR 508. Communication and Conflict (3)

NCR 522. Negotiation Tactics (3)

NCR 525. Mediation (3)

NCR 544. Alternative Dispute Resolution Processes (3)

 

B.  Elective Courses: (9-12 units) select 3-4 courses from the following:

NCR 527. Arbitration (3)

NCR 529. Internship in Conflict Resolution (3)

NCR 530. Online Dispute Resolution (3)

NCR 531. Marital and Family Mediation (3)

NCR 532. Dispute Resolution Clinical Studies (3)

NCR 533. Labor Conflict (3)

NCR 535. Organizational Conflict (3)

NCR 536. Dispute Resolution for Sports (3)

NCR 537. International Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 538. Seminar: Public Policy Conflict (3)

NCR 540. Seminar: Community Conflict (3)

NCR 541. Restorative Justice and Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 542. Collaborative Law (3)

NCR 543. Reducing School Violence Through Conflict Resolution (3)

NCR 545. Intercultural Conflict Resolution (3)

NCR 546. Conflict and the Media (3)

MFT 580. Cross-cultural Family Values and Behavior (3)

MFT 584. Legal and Ethical Aspects of Counseling (3)

NOTES:

       1. NCR 595 Seminar in Special Topics (1-3) is offered as an elective on a selected basis, no one topic to exceed six units.

       2. Failure to satisfy the GWAR by the completion of the first semester of the student's enrollment in the program may prevent the student from continuing in the program until satisfaction of the requirement.

 

C. Capstone (3-6 units)

     Portfolio (or thesis if approved under special circumstances)

1.  Portfolio (3 units)

NCR 591. Seminar: NCR Capstone Course (3) or

2.  Thesis (0-6 units)

NCR 598. Directed Research in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 599. Thesis in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (1-3)

 

Post Master's Certificate in Conflict Analysis and Resolution (18 units)

The certificate program is designed for graduates of the NCRP MA Degree program (or a closely related field) interested in developing specialized skills useful in their field of choice for specialization through advanced comprehensive understanding of their topic or in further graduate work.

A.  Required Course (6 units):

NCR 529. Internship: Conflict Resolution (3, 3)

 

B.  Specific program design created with an additional 12 units from among the following courses.

NCR 525. Mediation (3)

NCR 527. Arbitration (3)

NCR 530. Online Dispute Resolution (3)

NCR 531. Marital and Family Mediation (3)

NCR 532. Dispute Resolution Clinical Studies (3)

NCR 533. Labor Conflict (3)

NCR 535. Organizational Conflict (3)

NCR 536. Dispute Resolution for Sports (3)

NCR 537. International Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 538. Seminar: Public Policy Conflict (3)

NCR 540. Seminar: Community Conflict (3)

NCR 541. Restorative Justice and Peacebuilding (3)

NCR 542. Collaborative Law (3)

NCR 543. Reducing School Violence Through Conflict Resolution (3)

NCR 544. Alternative Dispute Resolution Processes (3)

NCR 545. Intercultural Conflict Resolution (3)

NCR 546. Conflict and the Media (3)

NCR 595. Seminar in Special Topics (3)

MFT 580. Cross-cultural Family Values and Behavior (3)

MFT 584. Legal and Ethical Aspects of Counseling (3)

NOTES:

       1. With the exception of NCR 529, no course taken as part of the NCRP MA degree may be taken again for the NCRP post-master's certificate.

       2. With respect to NCR 529, the same internship used for the course as part of the NCRP MA degree may not be used for the certificate.

       3. NCR 595 Seminar in Special Topics is offered as an optional course tailored to a student's specific interests on a selected basis, no one topic to exceed six units.

 

 

Course Offerings

The credit value for each course in semester units is indicated for each term by a number in parentheses following the title. For course availability, please see the list of tentative course offerings in the current Class Schedule.

Lower Division

NCR 289         Key Issues in Peacebuilding (3).

Introduction to theories of peace, conflict and violence.  Emphasis is on interdisciplinary character of peacebuilding and application of theories and methods.  Students gain understanding of the nature of social conflict, causes of violence and the meanings of peacebuilding.

NCR 290         Introduction to Negotiation Theory (3).

Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and instructor approval.

Consideration of theories used in bargaining at all levels of society to understand why negotiation is the underlying art in human affairs. Students will acquire ability to appropriately select and apply tools on negotiation to conflict resolution and peacebuilding.

NCR 291         Psychology of Peacebuilding (3).

Examines how psychological processes, cognitive and emotional, individual and collective, combine with external factors in causing violence.  How these psychological insights can help prevent and resolve violent conflicts is examined through consideration of peacebuilding approaches.

Upper Division

NCR 387         Environment and Peacebuilding (3).

Peacebuilding and conflict transformation combine with ecology and in an effort to reconsider the human relationship system as it combines with our environment.  Explores how society might foster environmental improvements and sustainable development to achieve successful peacebuilding goals.

NCR 390         Fundamentals of Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (3).

Prerequisite: NCR 290.

Consideration of conflict resolution, war, peace and the global system, as well as cross-cultural issues and methods for resolution of conflicts specific to those issues.

NCR 405         Research Methods in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (3).

Prerequisites: NCR 290 and NCR 390.

Instructs in strategic research approaches used to develop new tools, methods or projects for analysis emphasizing theoretical, analytical, research and practical skills in writing and critical thinking in the field of negotiation, conflict resolution and peacebuilding.

NCR 410         NCRP Pedagogy (3).

Prerequisites: NCR 290, NCR 390, and NCR 405.

Preparation for application of knowledge of negotiation, conflict resolution, and peacebuilding in school settings. Explores pedagogies appropriate for the development of conflict resolution skills and techniques as basis for both elective and prescriptive training modules.

NCR 490         Capstone Course: Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and
Peacebuilding (3).

Prerequisites: NCR 290, NCR 390, NCR 405 and NCR 410.

Community service learning utilizing outside internships (120 hours) plus weekly class sessions (75 minutes each). Internship will include successful completion of 25-hour mediation skills and techniques training.
Requires demonstration of ability to negotiate and resolve disputes.

NCR 495         Special Topics in NCRP (3).

Intensive study of an issue, concept, theme, or method in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution & Peacebuilding.  May be taken for credit only once for the major.  Repeatable course.

Graduate

NCR 500         NCRP Skills: Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools (3).

Determining specific purpose and key issues when negotiating, resolving conflict, and building peace. Effective application when reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Questioning information, conclusions, and points of view with clarity, accuracy, precision and relevance. "Thinking beyond the box" with fairness and logic.

NCR 503         Ethics of Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (3).

Prerequisite: NCR 500.

Examines individual group values and perspectives in relation to negotiation, conflict resolution and peacebuilding processes, with special emphasis on analyzing third party intervener's ethical responsibilities and dilemmas. Case studies used to examine and formulate ethical approaches to critical issues.

NCR 504         Theories of Conflict (3).

Prerequisite: NCR 500.

Critical analysis of conflict theories and models among individuals, organizations and governments; exploring causes, functions and effects. Perspectives from anthropology, archaeology, biology, communications, economics, gender studies, geography, history, mathematics, political science, psychology, psychiatry, sociobiol­ogy, and sociology.

NCR 507         Seminar: Research Design and Interpretation (3).

Prerequisite: NCR 500, 503 and 504.

Considers various research methods to be used in negotiation, conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Covers research design and the tools needed to conduct basic independent research. Students develop a compelling research proposal addressing questions of importance to them.

NCR 508         Communication and Conflict (3).

Prerequisite: NCR 500, 503 and 504.       

Emphasizes human communication in context of conflict. Addresses challenges to effective communication caused by interpersonal, intrapersonal, intergroup or intragroup conflict, and role of communication in resolving such conflicts. Concentrates on methods of communication most effective in dealing with differences.

NCR 522         Seminar: Negotiation Tactics (3).

Prerequisite: NCR 500, 503 and 504.

Tactics used in negotiations among individuals, institutions, and societies. Planning and conducting personal, corporate, labor, hostage, and diplomatic negotiations. Cross-cultural, ethical, and historical dimensions.

NCR 525         Mediation (3).

Prerequisites: NCR 500, 503, 504, NCR 508, and NCR 522.

Theory and skills including requirements for certification under the California Dispute Resolution Programs Act, especially agreement procedures, case development, consensus building, issue framing and prioritizing, orientations toward conflict, and record keeping.

NCR 527         Arbitration (3).

Prerequisites: Approval of program director.

Compulsory and noncompulsory arbitration of grievances in public, private, corporate, labor, and international disputes. Case studies explore the arbitration role in unique settings.

NCR 529         Internship: Conflict Resolution (3).

Prerequisites Requires approval of program director.

Students will work as interns in agencies in negotiation, conflict resolution and/or peacebuilding, and will consult weekly with a faculty supervisor.  A total of 120 hours of agency internship experience will be required to successfully complete the course.  An internship for the Post-NCRP MA Certificate may not be the same as the internship used by the student for NCR 529 as part of the NCRP MA Degree Program.

NCR 530         Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

Addresses emerging practice of conflict resolution in cyberspace. ODR utilizes online resources as the "fourth party" collaborating with the traditional third party in resolving conflicts more efficiently and less expensively.

NCR 531         Marital and Family Mediation (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

Separation problems in traditional and nontraditional relationships such as property division and child custody. Legal, tax, and financial aspects. The mediation process. Written and oral agreements.

NCR 532         Dispute Resolution Clinical Studies (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

Provides a forum in which all students, staff, and faculty can creatively process and resolve conflict rather than allowing hostilities to build toward violence or adjudication.  Each semester, conducts a basic mediation skills training for campus and surrounding communities.

NCR 533         Labor Conflict (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

Case and historical studies in selected industries. Past, present, and pending court decisions or national and state labor laws. Strategic planning for labor organizations. The process of negotiating a labor contract. Grievance and arbitration procedures.

NCR 535         Organizational Conflict (3).

Prerequisite: Approval of program director.

Origin and types of conflicts which arise within and between complex organizations. Positive and negative effects of Organizational conflict. Exploiting, preventing, containing, escalating, and resolving conflict.

NCR 536         Dispute Resolution for Sports (3).

Prerequisite: Approval of program director.

Examines sports law and dispute resolution utilizing particularly the processes of arbitration and mediation. Focuses on players, owners, agents and unions, as well as other areas of conflict such as free agency and player attitude and disloyalty.

NCR 537         International Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (3).

Prerequisite: Approval of program director.

Study of selected international conflicts involving complex issues such as culture, ethnicity, politics and religion. Considers common misconceptions concerning diplomacy. Encourages students to appreciate approaches to negotiation, conflict resolution and peacebuilding as vehicles for successful grassroots impact on peace efforts.

NCR 538         Seminar: Public Policy Conflict (3).

Prerequisites: NCR 504, NCR 507, NCR 508,
NCR 522, NCR 525 and NCR 544.

Considers constructive and timely approaches to resolving conflicts arising over use, conservation, and restoration of environment, natural resources, and public lands.  Examines basic principles, mechanisms and strategies for engaging federal agencies in effective environmental conflict resolution and collaborative problem solving.

NCR 540         Seminar: Community Conflict (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

The impact of system dynamics on conflict management in communities from neighborhoods to nations. Implications of system dynamics for specifying goals and planning interventions to achieve them, from pre-emptive to corrective. Implications for training and organization.

NCR 541         Restorative Justice and Peacebuilding (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

Addresses respective needs of crime victims and offenders ignored by criminal justice system and international community. Retribution abandoned in favor of restorative model based on needs of victims, offenders and community, achieved through application of conflict resolution and peacebuilding processes.

NCR 542         Collaborative Law (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

Lawyers' and clients' cooperative voluntary conflict resolution process. Emphasizes shared belief that it is in best interest of parties to avoid adversarial proceedings. Commitment to resolving differences with minimal conflict and working together to create shared solutions to the issues.

NCR 543         Reducing School Violence Through Conflict Resolution (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

Practical strategies to teach students to be peacemakers to reduce violence in schools. Discusses how schools can create cooperative learning environment where students learn how to negotiate and mediate peer conflicts and teachers use academic controversies to enhance learning.

NCR 544         Alternative Dispute Resolution Processes (3).

Prerequisites: NCR 500, NCR 503 and NCR 504.

Surveys a variety of process choices in dispute resolution. Recognizing that litigation may not be appropriate in many cases. Course examines alternatives such as negotiation, mini-trial, mediation, panel evaluation, summary jury trial, private judging, arbitration, and use of special masters.

NCR 545         Intercultural Conflict Resolution (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

Presents overview of intercultural communication negotiation and conflict resolution. Emphasizes understanding of values of intercultural as well as interreligious diversity in our increasingly interdependent world, nation and local communities. Encourages awareness of cultural perspective and socialization.

NCR 546         Conflict and the Media (3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval program director.

Examines the role of mass media in conflict resolution and peacebuilding, and its influence on world's most intractable conflicts as well as support of peace initiatives. Considers how media can serve as part of the problem or part of the solution.

NCR 591         Seminar: NCR Capstone Course (3).

Prerequisites: All required and elective courses.

Course is designed to enable students to demonstrate integration of knowledge of the field and critical and independent thinking. Preparation and delivery (oral and written) of culminating event under supervision of instructor. Faculty approval of written portfolio and successful oral defense required for graduation.  CR grade insufficient by itself.  CR/NC grading. Repeatable for six units.

NCR 595         Seminar: Special Topics in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (1-3).

Prerequisite: Requires approval of program director.

Study of a current topic in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding. Repeatable for total of six units.

NCR 597         Directed Reading in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and
Peacebuilding (3).

Prerequisites: Requires approval of program director.

In consultation with a faculty member, completion of readings for orientation to a little known topic; or as background for writing a thesis proposal (the concept for which has previously been approved by the NCR program director).  CR/NC grading.  Repeatable for total of six units.

NCR 598         Directed Research in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and
Peacebuilding (3).

Prerequisites: Requires approval of program director.

Conduct of pilot studies, development of research instruments, or similar independent research in preparation for the thesis, under the supervision of a faculty member in any area of Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding. CR/NC grading.

NCR 599         Thesis in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (1-3).

Prerequisites: Requires approval of program director.

In consultation with a faculty member, writing of a master's thesis in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding that has previously been approved by the NCR program director.  Then, if thesis approved by faculty and oral defense successful, three units replace NCR 591 as culminating event.  CR grade insufficient by itself.  Choice of area requires prior approval of NCR program director.  CR/NC grading.

NCR 600         Graduate Continuation Course (0).

Graduate students who have completed their course work but not their culminating event or who have other requirements remaining for the completion of their degree, may maintain continuous attendance by enrolling in this course. Signature of graduate program director required.