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Summary of Changes

Faculty

  • Scott Hornbeak, Coordinator, Orthotics and Prosthetics Program
  • Added: Anthony Ung

New and Transfer Admission

  • Admission to the BS in Health Science, Prosthetics Option suspended effective Fall 2012.

New Program

Master of Science Health Science- Orthotics and Prosthetics Option

New Courses

  • HEA 435 Orthotics Soft Goods Fitters Course (1)
  • HEA 445 Material Science and Laboratory Skills (2)
  • HEA 455 Applied Anatomy (1)
  • HEA 508 Clinical Pathology for Orthotists & Prosthetists (3)
  • HEA 516 Clinical Evaluation Tools in Orthotics and Prosthetics (2)
  • HEA 535 Practice Management for Orthotics and Prosthetics (1)
  • HEA 536 Psychosocial Aspects ofDisability (1)
  • HEA 540 Orthotic Management of the Upper Limb (3)
  • HEA 541 Orthotic Management of the Lower Limb I (4)
  • HEA 542 Orthotic Management of the Lower Limb II (5)
  • HEA 544 Orthotic Management of the Spine (4)
  • HEA 545 Normal Gait and Biomechanics of Movement (2)
  • HEA 547 Gait Analysis and Pathomechanics for O&P (1)
  • HEA 551 Prosthetic Management ofthe Upper Limb (3)
  • HEA 552 Prosthetic Management ofthe Lower Limb I (4)
  • HEA 554 Prosthetic Management of the Lower Limb II (5)
  • HEA 593 Subspecialties in Orthotics and Prosthetics (2)
  • HEA 596 Clinical Practicum in Orthotics and Prosthetics (1-4)

Course Offerings

  • HSC 500 Health Care Leadership and Management
    • Moved from Infrequently Offered Course Offerings to regular Course Offerings.
  • HSC 598 Directed Research
    • Moved from Infrequently Offered Course Offerings to regular Course Offerings.

Course Modifications

  • HSC 501 Advanced Research Methods in Health Science
    • Unit Value- Modified from 3 units to Variable 1-3 units.
    • Moved from Infrequently Offered Course Offerings to regular Course Offering.
  • HSC 599 Graduate Capstone Activities
    • Unit Value- Modified from 1 unit to Variable 1-3 units.
    • Moved from Infrequently Offered Course Offerings to regular Course Offering.

Health Science

College of Professional Studies

Division of Health Sciences

Bachelor of Science (Single Field Major)

Community Health Option

Health Care Management Option

Prosthetics Option

Radiologic Technology Option

Minor

Master of Science

Orthotics and Prosthetics Option

Faculty

Pamela C. Krochalk, Division Chair

WH A-330A, (310) 243-2690

Cheryl Jackson-Harris, Coordinator, Clinical Science Option

Scott Hornbeak, Coordinator, Orthotics and Prosthetics Program

WH A-330, (310) 243-3798

Paula D'Amore, Mark Muller, Paul Oswald, Anthony Ung, Abel Arvizu Whittemore

Program Office:  WH A-330, (310) 243-3748

Student Services Center - Advising: WH A-300, (310) 243-2120 or (800) 344-5484

Emeriti Faculty

Amer El-Ahraf, Ellen Hope-Kearns, Chi-Hua Hsiung, Sharon Raphael

New and Transfer Admission

The Division of Health Science has suspended admission of new and/or transfer students into the Bachelor of Science Prosthetics Option effective Fall 2012. Please contact the College of Professional Studies Office of the Dean at (310) 243-2046 for additional information.

Continuing students should contact the Division of Health Science at (310) 243-2690 for advising and program completion information.

Division Mission

The Division of Health Sciences programs are designed to:

Strengthen students' intellectual capacities and abilities to develop and mobilize human and institutional resources and services to meet the health needs of diverse individuals and populations, as well as the communities in which they reside.

Educate students in developing and implementing evidence-based assessment and intervention models that improve the biopsychosocial health of diverse individuals and populations, as well as the communities in which they reside.

Prepare scholar-practitioners to engage in multidisciplinary scientific inquiry that advances the knowledge base of research and practice in the health disciplines.

Prepare graduates who will be leaders in their fields and professions to inform and influence professional dialogues on key health issues affecting diverse individuals and populations, as well as the communities in which they reside.

Prepare scholar-activists who -- with global consciousness and ecosystemic perspectives -- are committed to attaining health equity and collective well-being through the promotion of human development, universal human rights, and social justice.

Program Description

Health Science offers a variety of programs including a major with different options leading to the Bachelor of Science in Health Science.

The community health option is designed to provide students with the necessary skills and perspectives to function as effective community health workers and educators in an urban population that is diverse ethnically, economically and demographically.  Students will gain knowledge and understanding of health behavior and strategies for change, health disparities among diverse populations, and the development of programs that increase access to healthcare and related services. 

A student in this option will acquire oral and written communication skills needed to develop health education materials and gain a basic understanding of public health problems and methods commonly used in studying and addressing these problems. Registered nurses and allied health care workers will be able to serve their patients more effectively by becoming knowledgeable about community health service agencies and public health policy at all levels of government. Upon completion of the Community Health Option, students will qualify to take the national certified Health education Specialist (CHES) examination.

The health care management option is designed to provide students with a general foundation in the principles and theories of management, the skills needed by frontline or middle level supervisors in a health care unit, an understanding of the organizational structure of the health care system, the financing of health care services in the United States, and knowledge of current health policies at local, state and federal levels.

The prosthetics option educates students to evaluate patients who are in need of artificial limbs (prostheses) or mechanical body supports (orthoses). Formal instruction in prosthetics will educate students in how to design treatment plans, fit appropriate prosthetic devices, and provide follow-up care.  This practitioner level program is clinically affiliated with the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Long Beach.

After completion of 54-60 transferable units, the student applies with a separate application to the Orthotics and Prosthetics Program.  A minimum of 90-100 hours of volunteer or working experience in an orthotics and prosthetics facility is also required.  During the first 3 semesters of the option, the student takes the Health Science core courses and foundation O&P and kinesiology courses.  Before taking the clinical courses, the student must volunteer or work to bring their total experience to 250 hours or more.  The clinical option comprises the final 7 months, or 28 credits required for the bachelor's degree in health science, and it also satisfies the educational requirements necessary to enter a NCOPE accredited Prosthetics Residency.  Upon completion of the residency program, the student is eligible to take the prosthetics certification examination given by the American Board for Certification in Orthotics and Prosthetics. 

The radiologic technology, a clinical option, is designed to accommodate the entering undergraduate or transfer student. The program is offered in cooperation with the Harbor-UCLA Medical Center School of Radiologic Technology, which is currently accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Education for Radiologic Technologists and approved by the State of California Department of Education for Radiologic Technology training. Upon completion of the program, students will be qualified to take the certification examinations given by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists and the Certification Board of the California Department of Health Services.

Features

The health care management and community health options are designed for practicing health professionals and future community health and healthcare personnel. Students may also apply to one of the clinical options: prosthetics or radiologic technology.  Since many students work during the day, most health science courses are offered in the late afternoon and evening and on weekends, and many meet only once a week. To keep the health science programs contemporary, many of the health science courses are taught by practicing professionals.

Academic Advisement

All students are urged to consult with advisors throughout their matriculation at CSU Dominguez Hills. At the very least, advisors should be consulted for the following:

  • Admission
  • Career plans and choices
  • Selection of options
  • Variation in programs and/or "course substitution"
  • Pre-registration advisement
  • Filing for graduation

Advisement is available through the School of Health and Human Services Student Services Center at 1-310-243-2120 or 1-800-344-5484.

Preparation

Students interested in health care management or community health may complete their lower division general education, preferably with an associate of science degree, before coming to CSU Dominguez Hills. Those students who are interested in the clinically related options should have a strong science background in high school and should have completed most of the lower division prerequisite courses for the option before entering the Health Sciences Program. For clinical options, some direct care experience is required.

Credit for Prior Health Education

If students have completed a clinical program for which they did not receive academic credit, they may be granted credit for that education. Please consult the health science office for details. The credits obtained for a clinical program may be applied as lower division elective credits toward the Bachelor of Science degree in Health Science only.

Procedures and Admission Criteria

Only a limited number of students can be accommodated in the clinical options. In addition to filing a completed application to the university, students must also complete the desired option application form to be considered for admission. Admission to these clinical options is not automatically ensured by meeting academic requirements, nor does admission to CSU Dominguez Hills as a Health Science Major guarantee acceptance into individual clinical options.

Graduation with Honors in the Major

An undergraduate student may be a candidate for graduation with honors in Health Science provided s/he meet the following criteria:

  1. A minimum of 36 units in residence at CSU Dominguez Hills;
  2. A minimum grade point average of at least 3.5 in courses used to satisfy the upper division requirements in the major;
  3. Recommendation by the Health Science faculty.

Students who achieve honors in Health Science will have the information recorded on their transcripts and diplomas.

Prosthetics Option

Due to the limited laboratory space, only 16 students can be accommodated in the Prosthetics Option. Admission to the option, therefore, is not automatically ensured by meeting the University admission requirements, nor does admission to CSU Dominguez Hills as a health science major guarantee acceptance to the program. The admission criteria and application procedures for the option are discussed below.

To be eligible for consideration as a candidate in this option,
an applicant must meet the following minimum requirements:

  1. Completion of all lower division required courses with a grade of "C" or better (as listed in the program description section) and the completion of two years lower division course work.
  2. Facility with hand tools and light duty power equipment.
  3. Successful completion of all orthotic and prosthetic option prerequisite courses as listed in the major requirements for the B.S. in health science, orthotics and prosthetics option with a grade of "C" or better.
  4. A program application and subsequent interview by a panel consisting of orthotics and prosthetics faculty. Send completed O & P applications to:

California State University, Dominguez Hills
College of Professional Studies
Division of Health Sciences: O & P Program
1000 E. Victoria Street
Carson, CA 90747

(310) 243-2120 or (800) 344-5484

Please note: Deadlines are subject to change without notification. Contact the Health Science Office for the deadlines of the current application cycle.

Radiologic Technology Option

To be eligible for consideration as a candidate in this option, an applicant must meet the following minimum requirements:

  1. Completion of all lower division required courses. A grade of "C" or better in each course is required. The completion of 56-70 units of lower division course work is highly recommended before application to the program.
  2. Applicants meeting the above requirements must be willing to be interviewed by Harbor-UCLA faculty and Health Science program faculty.
  3. Applicants must submit two separate applications, with supporting documents, to Harbor-UCLA School of Radiologic Technology and to CSU Dominguez Hills.
  4. Applications and supporting documents to Harbor-UCLA School of Radiologic Technology must be received by March 1 of each year. Applications received after March 1 will be considered for the next year. Applications for admission to CSU Dominguez Hills may be obtained by writing or calling the Office of Admissions, with completed applications returned to:

Office of Admissions
California State University, Dominguez Hills
1000 E. Victoria Street
Carson, CA 90747

(310) 243-3645

Applications to the clinical program may be obtained by writing or calling the School of Radiologic Technology at Harbor-UCLA, with completed applications returned to:

Los Angeles County Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
School of Radiologic Technology
1000 West Carson Street  Box 27
Torrance, CA 90509

(310) 222-2825

  Note: Deadlines are subject to change without notification.  Contact the Harbor-UCLA School of Radiologic Technology for deadlines.

Bachelor of Science in Health Science

Total Course Requirements for the Bachelor's Degree

See the "Requirements for the Bachelor's Degree" in the University Catalog for complete details on general degree requirements. A minimum of 40 units, including those required for the major, must be upper division. Students must receive a grade of "C" or better in all courses required for the Health Sciences major.

Elective Requirements

Completion of elective courses (beyond the requirements listed below) to reach a total of a minimum of 120 or a maximum of 132 units.

General Education Requirements (55-62 units)

See the "General Education" requirements in the University Catalog or the Class Schedule for the most current information on General Education requirements and course offerings.

Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement

See the "Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement" in the University Catalog.

Minor Requirements

Single field major, no minor required

Major Requirements, Community Health and Health Care Management Options (51 units)

The following courses, or their approved transfer equivalents, are required of all candidates for the degree focusing on the Community Health or Health Care Management option.

A major in Health Science in one of these two options consists of lower division required core courses, upper division required core courses and lower and upper division courses corresponding to the option.  The core courses are common to both of the options. The lower and upper division option courses vary with option chosen.

Common Core Requirements (51 units)

A.  Lower Division Required Courses (6 units):

HSC 201. Health Care Systems and Perspectives (3)

MAT 131. Elementary Statistics and Probability (3)

NOTE: Students are advised to take MAT 131 and HSC 201 to meet General Education requirements and the Health Science lower division requirement.

 

B.  Upper Division Requirements (45 units):

HEA 312. Introduction to Public Health (3)

HEA 313. Introduction to Biostatistics (3)

HEA 314. Health Behavior (3)

HEA 315. Interpersonal Skills in Health Communication (3)

HEA 316. Introduction to Epidemiology (3)

HEA 318. Health Resources Management (3)

HEA 319. Leadership in Healthcare (3)

HEA 466. Environmental Health Problems (3)

HEA 467. Health Policy Issues and Analysis (3)

HEA 468. Multicultural Health (3)

HEA 470. Legal Issues in Health Science (3)

HEA 474. Seminar in Health Care Ethics (3)

HEA 490. Health Science Senior Seminar (3)

HSC 492. Research Methods in Health Sciences (3)

HSC 496. Internship in Health Sciences (3)

In addition to the common core requirements, all health science majors must choose one of the following options:

Community Health Option (24 units)

A.  Lower Division Required Courses (3 units):

BIO 102. General Biology (3)

*Note: Students may take BIO 102 to meet General Education requirement in Natural Science.

 

B.  Upper Division Required Courses (21 units):

HEA 320. Contemporary Health Disease Processes (3) or

HSC 308. Pathophysiology for Health Professions (3)

HEA 460. Community Health Agencies (3)

HEA 461. Community Health Analysis (3)

HEA 462. Methods in Community Health Education (3)

HEA 463. Health Education Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation (3)

HEA 464. Health Educator as Community Resource and Advocate (3)

HEA 465. Introduction to Global Health (3)

Health Care Management Option (21 units)

A.  Lower Division Required Courses (6 units):

ACC 230. Financial Accounting (3)

ECO 210. Economic Theory:  Microeconomics (3)

 

B.  Upper Division Required Courses (15 units):

HEA 472. Survey of Health Care Finance (3)

HEA 475. Human Resources Management in Healthcare (3)

HEA 476. Managing Health Information Systems (3)

HEA 477. Long-Term Care Administration (3)

HEA 478. Strategic Management in Healthcare (3)

Major Requirements for All Other Options (51 units)

The following courses, or their approved transfer equivalents, are required of all candidates for the degree focusing on one of the options listed below.

A Major in Health Science consists of lower division required courses, upper division core courses and lower and upper division courses in one of the options listed below.  The upper division core courses are common to all Health Science Majors for those options listed below.  The lower division required courses and the lower and upper division option courses vary with the option chosen.  All Health Science majors, for those options identified below, must take the following core courses. 

Common Core Requirements (28 units)

A.  Lower Division Required Courses (13 units):

BIO 250. Elements of Human Anatomy and Physiology (3)

BIO 251. Elements of Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory (1)

CSC 101. Introduction to Computer Education (3)

HSC 201. Health Care Systems and Perspectives (3)

MAT 131. Elementary Statistics and Probability (3)

NOTE: Students are advised to take MAT 131 to meet both the General Education quantitative reasoning requirement and the Health Science lower division requirement.

 

B.  Upper Division Requirements (15 units)

1.  Required Course (3 units):

HSC 492. Research Methods in Health Sciences (3)

2.  Select four courses from the following (12 units):

HEA 312. Introduction to Public Health (3)

HEA 314. Health Behavior (3)

HEA 315. Interpersonal Skills in Health Communication (3)

HEA 318. Health Resources Management (3)

HEA 317. Pathophysiology for Orthotics & Prosthetics (3) (for O & P students only) or

HSC 308. Pathophysiology for Health Professions (3)

In addition to the common core requirements, all health science majors must choose one of the following options:

Prosthetics Option (64 units)

Students who plan to apply to this option, should have completed 54-60 lower division transferable units. Students who plan to enter the prosthetics option are advised to select lower division General Education courses which also meet the requirements listed below, or equivalents.

A.  Prerequisites or equivalents:

BIO 102. General Biology (3)*

BIO 250. Elements of Human Anatomy and Physiology (3)

BIO 251. Elements of Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory (1)

CHE 102. Chemistry for the Citizen (3)* or

CHE 110. General Chemistry I (5)

MAT 153. College Algebra and Trigonometry (4)*

PHY 120. Elements of Physics I (4)

PSY 101. Understanding Human Behavior (3)*

CSC 101. Introduction to Computer Education (3)

*NOTE: These courses qualify for credit in General Education.

 

B.  Common Core Requirements (27 units)

     Must include HEA 317, Pathophysiology for Orthotics and Prosthetics

 

C. Lower Division Required Courses (7 units):

HEA 205. Introduction to Orthotics and Prosthetics (3)

HEA 231. Clinical Protocol in Orthotics and Prosthetics (3)

HEA 250. Normal and Pathological Gait (1)**

 

 D. Upper Division Required Courses (30 units):

HEA 335. Orthotics and Prosthetics Practice Management (2)**

HEA 345. Biomechanics and Kinesiology for Orthotics and Prosthetics (2)**

HEA 350. Below Knee Prosthetics I (3)**

HEA 352. Below Knee Prosthetics II (3)**

HEA 354. Above Knee Prosthetics I (3)**

HEA 355. Material Science and Applied Anatomy in Orthotics and Prosthetics (4)**

HEA 450. Upper Limb Prosthetics (3)**

HEA 452. Above Knee Prosthetics II (3)**

HEA 493. Preceptorship in Orthotics and Prosthetics (3)**

HSC 498. Directed Research in Health Sciences (1)**

KIN 301. Kinesiology (3)

*NOTE: **Indicates these courses are taken off-site; registration in Extended Education.

Radiologic Technology Option (70 units)

A.  Prerequisites or equivalents:

BIO 250. Elements of Human Anatomy and Physiology (3)

BIO 251. Elements of Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory (1)

ENG 110. Freshman Composition I (3)*

ENG 111. Freshman Composition II (3)*

PSY 101. Understanding Human Behavior (3)* or

SOC 101. The Individual in Society (3)*

ANT 100. Introduction to Cultures (3)*

PHY 100. Patterns in Nature (3)* or

PHY 106. Physical Science (3)* or

PHY 120. Elements of Physics I (4)*

CHE 110. General Chemistry I (5)*

NOTE: *These courses qualify for credit in General Education.

 

B. Common Core Requirements (28 units)

 

C. Lower Division Required Courses (3 units):

HEA 280. Orientation and Elementary Radiation Protection (1)

HEA 281. Medical Terminology: Radiology (1)

HEA 287. Clinical Practicum I (1)

 

D. Upper Division Required Courses (39 units):

HEA 380. Darkroom Chemistry and Techniques (1)

HEA 381. Patient Care Procedures Related to Radiology (2)

HEA 382. Principles of Radiographic Exposure (3)

HEA 383. Common Radiographic Procedures Using Contrast Media (2)

HEA 384. Topographic Anatomy & Positioning I (3)

HEA 385. Radiation Protection (3)

HEA 387. Clinical Practicum II (3)

HEA 388. Clinical Practicum III (3)

HEA 480. Radiologic Physics (2)

HEA 481. Topographic Anatomy & Positioning II (3)

HEA 482. Special Radiographic Procedures (2)

HEA 483. Subspecialties in Radiology (2)

HEA 485. Departmental Administrative and Office Procedures, Computer Literacy (1)

HEA 487. Clinical Practicum IV (1)

HEA 488. Clinical Practicum V (3)

HEA 489. Clinical Practicum VI (3)

HEA 499. Senior Research Project in Radiology (1,1)

Minor in Health Science (15 units)

The minor in Health Science is designed for students majoring in another field that can be strengthened with a solid background in health science.

A.  Lower Division Required Courses (3 units):

HSC 201. Health Care Systems and Perspectives (3)

 

B.  Additional Required Courses (12 units)

1.  Select four courses from the following (12 units):

HEA 312. Introduction to Public Health (3)

HEA 313. Introduction to Biostatistics (3)

HEA 314. Health Behavior (3)

HEA 315. Interpersonal Skills in Health Communication (3)

HEA 316. Introduction to Epidemiology (3)

HEA 318. Health Resources Management (3)

HEA 319. Leadership in Healthcare (3)

HEA 466. Environmental Health Problems (3)

HEA 467. Health Policy Issues and Analysis (3)

HEA 468. Multicultural Health (3)

HEA 470. Legal Issues in Health Sciences (3)

HEA 474. Seminar in Health Care Ethics (3)

HSC 308. Pathophysiology in Health Professions (3)

 

Master of Science in Health Science

Orthotics and Prosthetics Option ( 64-66 units)

Orthotics and prosthetics is a specialized health care profession, which combines a unique blend of clinical and technical skills to care for patients who have neuromuscular and musculoskeletal disorders and/or patients who have a partial or total absence of a limb. Orthotists and prosthetists provide treatment that allows these individuals to lead more active and independent lives by collaborating with other members of the health care team. This work requires substantial clinical and technical judgment.

The principles of biomechanics, pathomechanics, gait analysis, kinesiology, anatomy and physiology are crucial to the practitioner's ability to provide comprehensive patient care and a positive clinical outcome. Patient assessment, treatment and education are part of the practitioner's responsibility and require collaborative communication skills.

In addition to performing orthotic and prosthetic procedures, the orthotists and prosthetists are involved in clinical decision-making and patient education. The scope of practice for orthotists and prosthetists includes, but is not limited to:

  • Patient Assessment- Perform a comprehensive assessment of the patient to obtain an understanding of the patient's orthotic/prosthetic needs.
  • Formulation of the treatment plan- Create a comprehensive orthotic/prosthetic treatment plan to meet the needs and goals of the patient.
  • Implementation of the treatment plan- Perform the necessary procedures to deliver the appropriate orthotic/prosthetic services, which include fabrication of the devices required.
  • Follow-up treatment plan- Provide continuing patient care and periodic evaluation to assure/maintain/document optimal fit and function of the orthosis/prosthesis.
  • Practice management- Develop, implement and/or monitor policies and procedures regarding human resource management, physical environment management, business/financial management and organizational management.
  • Promotion of competency and enhancement of professional practice- Participate in personal and professional development through continuing education, training, research and organizational affiliations.

Admission Requirements

To be eligible for consideration as a candidate in this option, an applicant must meet the following minimum requirements:

  1. A bachelor's degree, from an accredited college or university, preferably in an allied health or related major and a GPA of 3.0 or above in the last 60 semester or 90 quarter units of upper division coursework may apply.
  2. Facility with hand tools, light duty power equipment, and knowledge of materials used in Orthotics and Prosthetics; prior working or volunteer experience is an important selection criterion.
  3. Successful completion of all orthotic and prosthetic option prerequisite courses with a grade of "B" or better. The prerequisites are listed in the requirements for the M.S. in Health Science, Orthotics and Prosthetics Option.
  4. Has met the TOEFL requirement with a minimum score of 550 on the paper test or a minimum score of 80 on the Internet test.

Admission Procedures

  1. Submit a complete graduate admission application to the University at www.csumentor.edu.
  2. A subsequent interview by a panel consisting of orthotics and prosthetics faculty.
  3. Submit directly to the Orthotics and Prosthetics Program:
    1. a complete supplemental O & P program application available online at www.csudh.edu/oandp;
    2. a copy of official transcripts;
    3. GRE Test scores;
    4. a letter of intent;
    5. three letters of recommendation must be sent directly to the O & P program.
    Applicants must submit the program application by January 31st for admission in the subsequent summer semester. Send completed O & P applications to:

CSUDH Orthotics and Prosthetics Program
Veterans Administration Health Care System
5901 E. 7th Street, Building 149, Ste.130
Long Beach, CA 90822
(562) 986-7572

Please note: Application deadlines are subject to change without notice. Check with the O&P Program for the deadlines of the current application cycle.

 

Program Requirements

  1. Students must complete the program with an average GPA of at least 3.0. All other university requirements for the master's degree in this University Catalog must be met (see the Graduate Degrees and Post baccalaureate Studies section).
  2. HEA 445, Material Science and Laboratory Skills (2 units) and HEA 455, Applied Anatomy (1 unit) must be passed prior to Fall semester of year 1 to continue in the program sequence; if not passed, the student will have one additional chance to retake the course with a passing grade, and restart in Fall semester of the following year.
  3. All graduate students are required to satisfy the Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement (GWAR) within the first 9 semester units of coursework in accordance with the established policies of the University as described in the Graduate and Postbaccalaureate section of the University Catalog.
  4. Upon completion of the second semester after admission, or 22 units of approved coursework, the student must complete the Graduation Advisement and Advancement to Candidacy Form. To be Advanced to Candidacy, the student must have:
    1. achieved Graduate Classified Standing;
    2. maintained a grade point average of 3.0 or better in all graduate coursework to be used for the degree;
    3. completed the Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement (GWAR);
    4. completed the Graduation Advisement and Advancement to Candidacy Form in consulation with the graduate coordinator; and
    5. applied and paid graduation fees.

Capstone Activities

Degree students must complete a series of comprehensive exams/activities. The Capstone Activities involve creative application of theory and practice with real life clients who require orthotic or prosthetic intervention. The comprehensive exams are given over a 4-week period. They involve patient interaction and treatment,laboratory practical, written simulation, oral defense, gait analysis and written exams. Failure to achieve a passing score, after the third attempt, will result in a dismissal from the program.

Incomplete Courses

Students will not be permitted to enroll in new courses if they have two or more incomplete courses on their record. All other university rules about incomplete courses also apply.

Location and Registration

The Orthotic and Prosthetic Option is conducted off site at the Veterans Administration Health Care System in Long Beach, CA, in a 10,500 square foot training facility. All courses in the Option are offered at the VA/CSUDH Center for Orthotics and Prosthetics at the VA facility in Long Beach.

Prerequisites and Course Requirements

The Prerequisites and Course Requirements conform to the Standards and Guidelines for the Accreditation of Educational Programs in Orthotics and Prosthetics, published by the National Commission on Orthotic and Prosthetic Education (NCOPE):

College-level Prerequisites: (Semester Units)

  • Biology/Life Sciences - lecture with lab - (4 units)
  • Chemistry -lecture with lab - (4 units)
  • Physics - lecture with lab -(4 units)
  • Human Anatomy & Physiology -lecture with lab - (4 units)
  • Psychology* -lecture - (3 units)
  • Statistics -lecture - (3 units)
  • GRE- The GRE General Test scores provide a common measure for comparing the qualifications of applicants. Admission to the M.S. Option is not solely based on GPA and GRE scores; it also includes letters of recommendation, letter of intent, and the student's background and knowledge of the orthotic and prosthetic profession.
  • In addition, the following courses are recommended but not required:
    • Ethics
    • Business Management

*It is suggested that in addition to a basic/introductory Psychology course, a course on Human Growth & Development or Abnormal Psychology also be taken.

Degree Requirements

A. Upper Division Courses (3 units)

HEA 445. Material Science and Laboratory Skills (2)

HEA 455. Applied Anatomy (1)

 

B. Core Courses (17 units)

HSC 500. Health Care Leadership and Management (3)

HSC 501. Advanced Research Methods in Health Science (1)

HEA 508. Clinical Pathology for Orthotists and Prosthetists (3)

HEA 516. Clinical Evaluation Tools in O&P (2)

HEA 535. Practice Management for O&P (1)

HEA 536. Psychosocial Aspects of Disability (1)

HEA 545. Normal Gait and Biomechanics of Movement (2)

HEA 547. Gait Analysis and Pathomechanics for O&P (1)

HEA 580. Applied Technologies in O&P (1)

HSC 598. Directed Research in Health Sciences (1, 1)

 

C. Clinical Courses (29 units)

HEA 435. Soft Goods Fitters Course (1)

HEA 540. Orthotic Management of the Upper Limb (3)

HEA 541. Orthotic Management ofthe Lower Limb I (4)

HEA 542. Orthotic Management ofthe Lower Limb II (5)

HEA 544. Orthotic Management of the Spine (4)

HEA 551. Prosthetic Management of the Upper Limb (3)

HEA 552. Prosthetic Management of the Lower Limb I (4)

HEA 554. Prosthetic Management ofthe Lower Limb II (5)

 

D. Clinical Rotation (9 units required, 2 units optional)

HEA 596. Clinical Practicum (repeatable 1-4 units, up to 11 total)

 

E. Capstone Activities (5 units)

HEA 593. Subspecialties in O&P (2)

HSC 599. Graduate Capstone Activity (3)

Course Offerings

The credit value for each course in semester units is indicated for each term by a number in parentheses following the title. For course availability, please see the list of tentative course offerings in the current Class Schedule.

Health Science

Lower Division

HEA 100          Health and Lifestyles (3).

To familiarize the student with relationships among the physical, social and psychological aspects of health, which include: self-care, prevention and analysis of personal health problems through participation in self-assessment techniques. Topics include the relationship of lifestyles to nutrition, stress, physical fitness, death and dying, and mental illness.

HEA 205          Introduction to Orthotics and Prosthetics (3).

Prerequisites: BIO 250 and BIO 251, or consent of instructor.

Examination of the history and current state of O & P services. Review of methods, materials, and biomechanics. Overview of lower and upper limb prosthetics and orthotics, and spinal orthotics. ADA and the meaning of disability. Professional ethics, qualifications and certification.

HEA 231          Clinical Protocols in Orthotics and Prosthetics (3).

Prerequisite: HEA 205. Co-requisite: HEA 317.

O&P evaluation and treatment concepts; history, diagnosis, prescription, physical examination, assessment, plan and education. Overview of surface anatomy. Causes of amputation, amputation surgery, and post-op protocols. Patient-practitioner interaction and communication. Introduction to taking impressions and model preparation.

HEA 250          Normal and Pathological Gait (1).

Prerequisite: BIO 250 and BIO 251.

Learn to recognize gait and postural deviations, determine cause and suggest mechanical remedies. Students will evaluate patients and videotapes, review EMG and force plate recordings, compare results of surgery, therapy, and mechanical aids. Fee required.

HEA 280          Orientation and Elementary Radiation Protection (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Orientation to applied medicine, hospitals and radiology departments. Introduces students to overall view of radiology and ethical principles. Basic radiation protection instruction to allow students to begin the clinical practicum.

HEA 281          Medical Terminology: Radiology (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Programmed approach to general medical terminology with emphasis on radiology and applied specialties. Review of common medical terms, prefixes, suffixes and roots.

HEA 287          Clinical Practicum I (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Supervised Clinical rotations through support areas of radiology department: filerooms, darkrooms, patient transport and scheduling. Introduction to hospital environment and health care team. Film critiques. Practicum 280 hours.

Upper Division

HEA 300          Health in Public Education (2).

Prerequisite: HEA 100 or equivalent is recommended.

Health education required course for the professional multiple or single-subject, clear credential teaching applicants. Covers all topics designated in the Health Framework for California, including personal health, family health, nutrition, the physiological and sociological effects of substance abuse, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and child abuse.

HEA 312          Introduction to Public Health (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Nature, transmission, and control of disease from a public health perspective: Historical background, current problems, trends in prevention and control, and applications to health care planning. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments.

HEA 313          Introduction to Biostatistics (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201 and MAT 131.

Introduction to the basic concepts of biostatistics and their applications and interpretation.  Topics include descriptive statistics, graphics, diagnostic tests, probability distributions, interference, tests of significance, association, linear and logistic regression and life tables.

HEA 314          Health Behavior (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Current concepts of the behavioral sciences in the health field with specific application to ethnically and culturally diverse urban communities. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments.

HEA 315          Interpersonal Skills in Health Communication (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Fundamentals, principles, and skills of interpersonal and group processes in health related occupations. Special emphasis on theory and techniques of interviewing, small group dynamics, crisis intervention and interpersonal management skills in ethnically and culturally diverse urban settings. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments.

HEA 316          Introduction to Epidemiology (3).

Prerequisite: HEA 313.

Principles of epidemiology are introduced in the context of interpreting studies of health in human populations within their socio-cultural setting and diverse environments.  Concepts addressing the design, implementation, analysis, and interpretation of epidemiological studies are covered.

HEA 317          Pathophysiology for Orthotics and Prosthetics (3).

Prerequisites: HEA 205; Corequisite: HEA 231.

A study of the etiology, clinical signs and symptoms, treatments, prognosis, and social implications of pathological conditions that affect the neurological, musculoskeletal, and vascular systems and that require orthotic/prosthetic intervention: low back pain, scoliosis, spinal injury, arthritis, stroke, trauma, and diabetes. Fee required.

HEA 318          Health Resources Management (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Concepts, issues, and skills in administration and management of a health care unit, including personnel, finances, equipment, supplies, and facilities. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments.

HEA 319          Leadership in Healthcare (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Focuses on leadership theory and its application to the healthcare setting.  Leadership concepts include traits, situations, communication, power, vision, integrity, emotional intelligence, and courage.  Provides an understanding of theory and research, and as well as skills and self insight to become effective leaders.

HEA 320          Contemporary Health and Disease Processes (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Through the natural and social sciences, addresses infectious and non-infectious diseases across the lifespan, their causative factors, disease occurrence patterns, risk factors, symptoms prevention, control, and treatment methods as well as education implications for achieving optimal community health.

HEA 335          Orthotic and Prosthetic Practice Management (2).

Prerequisites: Admission to the Orthotics and Prosthetics Option.

Course will address practice management issues in the O&P office. It includes ABC Canon of Ethics, professionalism, cultural diversity, patient interviews, medical documentation, rehabilitation team practices, HCFA billing system, letters of medical necessity, HMO contracts, O&P cost economics, and marketing. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments. Fee required.

HEA 340          Lower Limb Orthotics I (3).

Prerequisites: Consent of instructor; admission to Orthotics/Prosthetics option.

Patient evaluation, prescription recommendation; orthoses measurement, fabrication and fitting. Lower limb biomechanics, gait analysis, and motor disability. Fabrication and fitting of several orthoses including arch support, UCBL foot orthoses, and ankle-foot orthoses (metal, plastic and patellar-tendon bearing). Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 342          Lower Limb Orthotics II (3).

Prerequisite: HEA 340.

Continuation of HEA 340. Patient evaluation, prescription recommendations, orthoses measurement, lower limb biomechanics, gait analysis, and motor disability. Fabrication and fitting of several knee-ankle-foot orthoses. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 344          Spinal Orthotics (3).

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

Admission to Orthotics/Prosthetics option. Patient evaluation, prescription recommendation, orthosis measurement, fabrication and fitting. Spinal biomechanics and motor disability. Fitting of several orthoses, including lumbo-sacral, thoraco-lumbo-sacral, and cervical types. Fabrication of at least five orthoses. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 350          Below Knee Prosthetics I (3).

Prerequisite: HEA 250.

Fabrication, fitting, and dynamic alignment of patellar-tendon bearing prostheses. All fittings include test sockets, bench, static and dynamic alignments. Four sockets completed using PTB and PTS designs. Medical management, prescription considerations. One completed below-knee prosthesis. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 352          Below Knee Prosthetics II     (3).

Prerequisite: HEA 350.

Fabrication, fitting, and dynamic alignment of patellar-tendon bearing prostheses. All fittings include test sockets, bench, static and dynamic alignments. Four sockets completed using PTB and PTS designs. Medical management, prescription considerations. One completed below-knee prosthesis. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 354          Above Knee Prosthetics I (3).

Prerequisite: HEA 352.

Casting, measurement, transparent test socket fitting, bench, static and dynamic alignments, and methods for evaluation
of proper fit. Fitting of two quadrilateral sockets including suction and pelvic suspension. Demonstration of endoskeletal and exoskeletal above knee systems. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 355          Material Science and Applied Anatomy in Orthotics and Prosthetics (4).

Prerequisites: HEA 205 and HEA 231.

Principles of stress, strain, Young's modulus. Plastic and metal strength characteristics. Polymer chemistry and mechanical properties of plastics. Selection of appropriate orthotic/prosthetic materials and components based on mechanical goals. Tissue interfaces. Muscle and joint structure and function, and relationship to prosthetic and orthotic interventions.

HEA 371          Radiologic Technology Legal Perspectives and Review (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to Radiologic Technology Option - CRT.

Explores the foundations of the radiologic technology profession from legal perspective and coordinates study of current issues, theories and techniques related to health care delivery; principles of dark room technology and radiation protection, and medical terminology.

HEA 372          Radiologic Technology Historical and Philosophical Perspective and Professional Review (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to Radiologic Technology Option - CRT.

Explores the foundations of the radiologic technology profession from historical and philosophical perspectives and coordinates study of current issues, theories and techniques related to concepts and practice of fundamental patient care, radiologic exposure and routine radiologic procedures.

HEA 373          Radiologic Technology Ethical Perspectives and Professional Review (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to Radiologic Technology Option - CRT.

Explores the foundations of the radiologic technology profession from an ethical perspective and coordinates study of current issues, theories and techniques related to radiographic procedures using contrast media, topographic anatomy and positioning, and routine fluoroscopic procedures.

HEA 374          Radiologic Technology Political and Social Perspectives and Professional Review (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to Radiologic Technology Option - CRT.

Explores the foundations of the radiologic technology profession from a political and social perspective and coordinates study of current issues, theories and techniques related to radiation protection and federal and state regulations, radiologic physics, topographic anatomy and positioning, and routine exams in pediatrics, surgery and genitourinary room.

HEA 375          Radiologic Technology Future Perspectives and Professional Review (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to Radiologic Technology Option - CRT.

Explores the future of the radiologic technology profession from a technological, as well as professional perspective and coordinates study of current issues, theories and techniques related to special radiologic procedures, sub-specialties, and departmental and administrative procedures, and senior research topics.

HEA 380          Darkroom Chemistry and Techniques (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Darkroom construction, hand and automatic processing, film artifacts, processing aspects, and prevention. Quality control and darkroom chemistry.

HEA 381          Patient Care Procedures Related to Radiology (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Introduction to fundamental patient care procedures and principles in radiology departments: patient care/handling, body mechanics, aseptic technique, emergency procedures and use/care support equipment in preparation for patient contact.

HEA 382          Principles of Radiographic Exposure (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Basic radiographic principles: image formation, intensifying screens, factors affecting quality, calibration, equipment design/function, filters, electromagnetic radiation and exposure factors. Teaches mechanics of performing examinations.

HEA 383          Common Radiographic Procedures Using Contrast Media (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Positioning and exposure techniques for contrast studies (esophograms, barium enemas, etc.) fluoroscopic techniques. Introduction to the uses, contraindications, and pharmacology of contrast media.

HEA 384          Topographical Anatomy & Positioning I (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Introduces topographic anatomy and positioning procedures necessary to produce diagnostic radiographs of the entire body (except the skull). Exposure control techniques and exam indications.

HEA 385          Radiation Protection (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Principles of radiation safety, biological effects, x-ray production, and radiation detection devices. Emphasis on federal and state regulations.

HEA 387          Clinical Practicum II (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Supervised rotations through routine diagnostic rooms. Perform radiologic examinations on patients under direct supervision of a technologist. These will include x-rays and film critiques of the thoracic and appendicular skeleton. Rotation through emergency rooms, orthopedics, and portable radiography. Practicum 580 hours.

HEA 388          Clinical Practicum III (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Supervised rotation through routine radiographic/fluoroscopic rooms, including surgery. Perform routine diagnostic examinations (except skull), fluoroscopic and intra-operative exams. Weekend rotations begin. Film critiques. Practicum 580 hours.

HEA 395          Special Topics in Health Sciences (1-3).

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

Study of a topic of interest to students pursuing a career in the health professions. Topic will vary as announced. One to three hours of lecture per week.

HEA 435 Orthotics Soft Goods Fitters Course (1)

Prerequisites: BIO 250 and BIO 251, or equivalent Anatomy and Physiology with Lab.

Comprehensive study of short-term, custom-fitted orthoses for the management of the spine, upper and lower limbs. It includes evaluation, assessment, treatment plan formulation, implementation of the plan, and follow-up. Fittings of selected orthoses are included.

HEA 440          Upper Limb Orthotics (2).

Prerequisite: HEA 242.

Evaluation, prescription recommendations, orthoses measurement, fabrication and fitting. Anatomy, biomechanics, and motor disability of upper limb orthotics. Special attention to deformity control, tissue protection, restored function. Fabrication and fitting of basic static hand and wrist-hand orthoses (including wrist-driven and external-power). One hour of lecture and two hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 442          Lower Limb Orthotics III (1-2).

Prerequisite: HEA 342.

Advanced topics; ankle, knee and hip treatments related to Spina Bifida, Cerebral Palsey, brain injury, stroke, polio and other motor disabilities. Lower limb biomechanics, gait analysis and material science. Lectures on rotational control, tone reduction and specific application for children. Fee required.

HEA 444          Spinal Orthotics II (2).

Prerequisite: HEA 344.

Treatment of scoliosis, kyphosis and cervical spine fractures. Patient evaluation, prescription recommendation, hospital protocol, orthoses measurement, fabrication and fitting. Spinal biomechanics and motor disability. Fabrication and/or fitting of Boston type jacket, Milwaukee brace, Minerva and halo orthosis. One of hour of lecture and 2 hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 445 Material Science and Laboratory Skills (2)

Prerequisite: BIO 250 and BIO 251, or equivalent.

Study of various chemical and physical properties of materials and the relationship and implications of those properties in orthotic-prosthetic design and fabrication. Development of specific laboratory competencies on O&P tools, techniques, and materials.

HEA 450          Upper Limb Prosthetics (3).

Prerequisite: HEA 354.

Prescription, casting, measurement, fabrication, alignment, harnessing and methods for evaluation of proper fit. Principles of shoulder disarticulation prostheses. Demonstration of myoelectric powered systems including identification of electrode sites, trouble-shooting, and prosthetic maintenance. Complete two below- and one above-elbow prostheses. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 452          Above Knee Prosthetics II (3).

Prerequisite: HEA 354.

Continuation of HEA 354. Two hours of lecture and two hours of activity per week. Fee required.

HEA 455 Applied Anatomy (1)

Prerequisites: BIO 250 and BIO 251, or equivalent Anatomy and Physiology with Lab.

A focused course in human anatomy that uses a combined regional and systemic approach to examine the relationships and organization of the major structures within the body as they relate to Orthotic and Prosthetic application and design.

HEA 460          Community Health Agencies (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Examination and evaluation of state, federal, local and community health agencies and programs. Survey and analyze community level drug, alcohol, communicable disease, and mental health problems and programs. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments.

HEA 461          Community Health Analysis (3).

Prerequisite:   HEA 316.

Assessment of community structure, residents, organizations, and associations to determine health-related capacities, needs, and interests.  Applied assessment activities emphasize the use of both primary and secondary data sources for community analysis within an ecological framework.

HEA 462          Methods in Community Health Education (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Introduces principles and theories of learner-centered education to promote community health.  Includes assessment of learning environment; development of curriculum and teaching plans; teaching/learning strategies, methodologies, resources; selection of aids and materials; evaluation of effectiveness.  Students will plan and present lessons.

HEA 463          Health Education Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation (3).

Prerequisite:  HEA 467.  Pre- or Co-requisite:  HEA 461, HEA 462.

Focuses on strategic approaches to planning, implementation, and evaluation of community health promotion and disease prevention initiatives.  Health behavior theories are considered in the development of educational programs, the application of evaluation findings, and prioritization of community concerns and resources.

HEA 464          Health Educator as Community Resource and Advocate (3).

Prerequisite: HEA 460, HSC 201.

Emphasizes role of community organizing in engaging diverse communities to advance conditions in which people can be healthy. Examines role of health educators, grassroots activists, and others in stimulating social, political, and economic approaches to promote community health.

HEA 465          Introduction to Global Health (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Contributors to global burden of disease that constrain health and wellbeing around the world, inter-relationships of socio-cultural, technological, economic, and political factors at local, regional, national, and international levels that influence health, policy development, and interventions at all levels.

HEA 466          Environmental Health Problems (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Impact of human activities on environmental quality and resulting environmental health problems, especially local issues, public and private responses to them. Design, carry out, and analyze a study and prepare a written report of results. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments.

HEA 467          Health Policy Issues and Analysis (3)

 Prerequisite: HSC 316.

Examination of the major current health policy issues in the U.S. with emphasis on the application of conceptual and procedural policy analysis tools useful for defining policy problems, assessing alternative solutions, and examining effects of health policies.

HEA 468          Multicultural Health (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201. SOC 101 and ANT 100 are recommended.

Study of social, cultural, psychological, and biological factors affecting the distribution of health, wellness, and illness in various ethnic, cultural, and racial groups. Special attention is given to health issues of groups with special physical and mental health needs, including underserved and immigrant populations residing in California.

HEA 470          Legal Issues in the Health Sciences (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Examination of new legislation, exploration of various health law issues that impact hospitals, individuals and groups within the health care sector; including informed consent, regulation/antitrust, licensure and credentialing, and medical ethics. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments.

HEA 472          Survey of Health Care Finance (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 210, ACC 230, ECO 210.

Concepts and issues in financial management of health care organizations. Use of tools for cost effective decision-making and learn to recognize and deal with financial components of decision-making in health care organizations. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments.

HEA 474          Seminar in Health Care Ethics (3).

Prerequisites: HSC 201; HEA 470 and HEA 472 are recommended.

Intensive study of ethical issues raised in provision of health care and health care administration. Current and historical arguments surrounding ethical issues will be discussed and analyzed. Students will learn to recognize ethical dilemmas, apply ethical principles and resolve the dilemmas.

HEA 475          Human Resources Management in Healthcare (3).

Prerequisite:  HSC 201.

Emphasis on key concepts of human resources management, identifying importance of human resources in healthcare organizations, establishing need for relating strategic planning of organizations to their human resource planning, and on examining role of organizational culture in behavior and productivity.

HEA 476          Managing Health Information Systems (3).

Prerequisite:  HSC 201.

Conceptual and practical aspects in the analysis, development, and utilization of health information technology and systems having clinical and business applications with the focus being on improving organizational performance. 

HEA 477          Long-Term Care Administration (3).

Prerequisite:  HSC 201.

History, development, trends; major policy issues; organization of systems; principles and techniques of administration, including managing the environment of care and client/resident care services; management of institutional and community-based programs.

HEA 478          Strategic Management in Healthcare (3).

Prerequisites:   Completion of Health Science Core for the Health Care Management option and two upper division option courses.

Methods for strategic planning and marketing of health services organizations. Techniques for determining strategies for unique services, integration of strategy, structure, and administrative systems.

HEA 480          Radiological Physics (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Emphasis of health and safety on electric circuits, generators, x-ray circuits, x-ray physics.

HEA 481          Topographic Anatomy and Positioning II (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Introduces topographic anatomy and positioning procedures necessary to produce diagnostic radiographs of the skull. Exposure control techniques and exam indications included.

HEA 482          Special Radiographic Procedures (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option or consent of instructor.

Radiographic anatomy and physiology, positioning, film evaluation and specialized equipment applying to highly technical exams (interventional radiography, tomography, CT and MRI). Management of acutely ill patients. Fee required.

HEA 483          Sub-Specialties in Radiology (2).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Introduction to principles of pediatric radiography, intraoral radiography, radiation therapy and nuclear medicine. Image formation, equipment, techniques and handling of radiation and radionucleotides.

HEA 485          Departmental Administrative and Office Procedures,
Computer Literacy (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Introduction to organization and budgeting of a radiology department; use of computers in radiology and basic computer principles.

HEA 487          Clinical Practicum IV (1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Supervised rotations through routine radiographic/fluoroscopic, pediatric, surgical and genitourinary rooms. Performs routine exams and film critiques (except skull) in all areas. Practicum 280 hours.

HEA 488          Clinical Practicum V (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Supervised rotations through all areas of routine radiography, with student performing all routine diagnostic fluoroscopic and radiographic exams and film critiques, including skull radiography. Student will
be able to perform radiologic procedures independently. Practicum 580 hours.

HEA 489          Clinical Practicum VI (3).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Supervised rotations through special radiographic procedures, radiation therapy, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medicine, mammography and ultrasound. Continued application in routine radiography, fluoroscopy and film critique. Perform radiologic procedures independently. Practicum 580 hours.

HEA 490          Health Science Senior Seminar (1-3).

Prerequisites: Completion of Health Science core corresponding to the option selected and two upper division option courses.

Undertake an in-depth study employing techniques and principles used in the Health Science core and option. Designed for the Health Care Management and Community Health Options. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments. One to three hours of seminar per week.

HEA 492          Research and Seminar in Orthotics and Prosthetics (2).

Prerequisite: MAT 131, or consent of instructor.

Overview of the principles and applications of research. Examination of testing and improving patient outcomes. Basic concepts in research design, including literature review, identification of research question, development of data collection instruments, data analysis. Write and present a research proposal.

HEA 493          Preceptorship in Orthotics and Prosthetics (2).

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

125 hour placement in a private sector or institutional facility. Repeatable for credit up to 8 units. Fee required.

HEA 499          Senior Research Project in Radiology (1,1).

Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology Option.

Individual research in radiology with student class presentation: learn presentation skills, use of A-V methods, oral skills, and written presentation. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments. One hour of seminar activity per week. Repeatable for credit for up to one unit.

Graduate

HEA 508 Clinical Pathology for Orthotists & Prosthetists (3).

Prerequisites: HEA 455, or consent of instructor.

Examination of the etiology, clinical signs and symptoms, treatment, prognosis and social implications of pathological conditions associated with numerous diseases and traumatic injuries that require orthotic and/or prosthetic intervention. Includes introductory Neuroscience and neural disorders encountered in practice.

HEA 516 Clinical Evaluation Tools in Orthotics and Prosthetics (2).

Prerequisites: HEA 455, or consent of instructor.

Examines the variety of standardized clinical assessment tools to be appropriately used in concert with the clinical examination as well as evidence from the literature, to determine the need for orthotic-prosthetic services and design optimal intervention strategies.

HEA 535 Practice Management for Orthotics and Prosthetics (1).

Prerequistites: HSC 500, or consent of instructor.

This course will address general business practice within orthotic-prosthetic practice, including its role in clinical decision making, documentation, time management and compliance with regulatory agencies, reimbursement and human resource management.

HEA 536 Psychosocial Aspects ofDisability (1).

Prerequistites: HSC 500, or consent of instructor.

Application ofpsychological concepts to illness and disability. Awareness of social supports and constraints, activities across the lifespan, and integration ofthese factors into clinical practice. Strategies for dealing with patients in distress, and symptoms
requiring referral to other professionals.

HEA 540 Orthotic Management of the Upper Limb (3).

Prerequisites: HEA 508, HEA 516, HEA 545.

Comprehensive study of short- and long-term upper limb orthotic patient management. It includes evaluation and assessment, treatment plan formulation, implementation of the plan, and follow-up. Fabrication and fitting of finger, hand, wrist, forearm, elbow, humeral, and shoulder orthoses.

HEA 541 Orthotic Management of the Lower Limb I (4).

Prerequisites: HEA 508, HEA 516, HEA 545.

A comprehensive study of lower limb orthotic patient management distal to the knee. It includes evaluation and assessment; treatment plan formulation, follow-up and patient education; as well as biomechanics, gait analysis and motor disability. Fabrication and
fitting of foot and ankle-foot orthoses.

HEA 542 Orthotic Management of the Lower Limb II (5).

Prerequisites: HEA 541.

Comprehensive study of lower limb orthotic patient management proximal to the knee. It includes evaluation and assessment; treatment plan formulation, follow-up and patient education; as well as biomechanics, gait analysis and motor disability. Fabrication and
fitting of selected orthoses.

HEA 544 Orthotic Management of the Spine (4).

Prerequisites: HEA 508, HEA 516, HEA 545.

Comprehensive study of spinal orthotic management. It includes evaluation, assessment, treatment plan formulation, implementation of the plan, and follow-up. Fabrication and fitting of selected orthoses is included. Also, presentation of Wheelchair Seating and
Cranial Remolding Helmets.

HEA 545 Normal Gait and Biomechanics of Movement (2).

Prerequisites: HEA 455, or consent of instructor.

Primary areas of study will include applied anatomy, anthropometry, kinematics, and kinetics, normal human locomotion, force vectors, observational and instrumented gait analysis.

HEA 547 Gait Analysis and Pathomechanics for O&P (1).

Prerequisites: HEA 545, or consent of instructor.

Examination and assessment ofhow and why an individual's gait deviates from normal human locomotion when they are utilizing an orthotic or prosthetic device designed specifically for application below the knee.

HEA 551 Prosthetic Management ofthe Upper Limb (3).

Prerequisites: HEA 508, HEA 516, HEA 545.

Comprehensive study of upper limb prosthetic management, including transradial, transhumeral, partial hand, elbow and shoulder disarticulation amputations. Includes evaluation; assessment; treatment plan formulation, implementation and follow-up to promote positive outcomes utilizing evidence-based practice.

HEA 552 Prosthetic Management ofthe Lower Limb I (4).

Prerequisites: HEA 508, HEA 516, HEA 545.

Management of amputations distal to the knee, including Transtibial, Symes and Partial Foot. Patient assessment, formulation of treatment plan, implementation, and follow up through measurement, casting, fabrication, and fitting of patients. Pathologies, surgical procedures, components, biomechanics, gait, and outcome measures.

HEA 554 Prosthetic Management of the Lower Limb II (5).

Prerequisites: HEA 552.

Management of amputations proximal to the knee, including Knee Disarticulation, Trans Femoral and Hip Disarticulation. Includes all aspects of patient assessment, formulation of treatment plans, and implementation through measurement, casting, fabrication and
fitting to promote positive outcomes.

HEA 580 Applied Technologies in Orthotics and Prosthetics (1).

Prerequisites: HEA 500.

Integration of non-traditional techniques in the measurement, fabrication, and delivery of devices in contemporary O&P practice. This includes knowledge of computer aided design, electrical circuitry, and biomechanical and biomedical engineering concepts.

HEA 593 Subspecialties in Orthotics and Prosthetics (2).

Prerequisites: HEA 541, HEA 542, HEA 551 and HEA 552 or consent of the instructor.

Student driven course in areas of advanced skills, infrequently used devices, or unique goals in O&P. Lecture and demonstration with pediatric, geriatric, recreational and special use clients. Development of evaluation, assessment, and treatment plans through case studies and live interaction.

HEA 596 Clinical Practicum in Orthotics and Prosthetics (1-4).

Prerequisites: HEA 508, HEA 516 or consent of the instructor.

Fieldwork and in-depth study of discipline related topics under the direction of Division of Health Sciences faculty member. Repeatable for credit for up to a maximum of eleven units.

HSC 500         Health Care Leadership and Management (3).

Examines the structure, management and interrelationship of health care organizations across the spectrum of care in light of classical and contemporary management theory, and provides understanding of the unique relationship within and between health care organizations and professionals.

HSC 501         Advanced Research Methods in Health Science (1-3).

Prerequisites: HSC 492 or equivalent and
MAT 131 or equivalent.

Theory and practice of experimental, correlation and descriptive research. Computer application of statistical packages to data sets. Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per week.

HSC 598         Directed Research (1).

Research on a subject related to the option which is suitable for professional presentation or publication. Specific topic of the research must be approved and directed by an instructor. A maximum of 2 units may be applied toward the master's degree. Repeatable course.

HSC 599         Graduate Capstone Activity (1-3).

Prerequisites: Advancement to Candidacy and completion of all core courses and HEA 598.

Writing and presentation of a research project under supervision with assigned faculty.

Infrequently Offered Courses

HEA 240          Lower Limb Biomechanics and Kinesiology (3).

Prerequisites: Consent of instructor; admission to Orthotics/Prosthetics Option.

Neuromusculoskeletal systems of the lower limb (above- and below-knee). For both normal function and in the presence of pathology. Kinesiology of specific weaknesses and deformities will be studied. Potential for orthotic and prosthetic management will be evaluated. Fee required.

HEA 242          Upper Limb Biomechanics and Kinesiology (2).

Prerequisite: HEA 240.

Neuromusculoskeletal systems of the spine and upper limb: both normal function and pathology. Specific weaknesses and deformities will be studied. Significance of upper limb pathology for orthotic/prosthetic design and management.
Fee required.

HEA 252          Material Science for Orthotics and Prosthetics (2).

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

Principles of stress, strain, Young's Modulus. Plastic/metal choices. Preferred metal alloys, heat treatment, plastic polymer. Polymer chemistry and mechanical properties of plastics. Material designators, relationship of alloys to material properties. Selection of most appropriate orthotic/prosthetic materials. Fee required.

HEA 491          Research and Seminar in Orthotics and Prosthetics I (1).

Prerequisites: HEA 440 and HEA 450.

Background literature review, hypothesis formation, study design, development of data collection instruments and data collection as phase one of orthotic/prosthetic research project. Students must demonstrate proficiency in the English language by successfully completing oral and written assignments. One hour of seminar per week. Fee required.

Division of Health Sciences

Lower Division

HSC 201         Health Care Systems and Perspectives (3).

Examination of healthcare delivery systems and personal health as integrated physiological, social, psychological processes. Topics include role of healthcare providers; major healthcare organizations; contemporary healthcare issues; interactions of healthcare and physical environmental changes which influence health of the whole person.

HSC 308         Pathophysiology for Health Professions (3).

Prerequisite: BIO 250 and either BIO 251, CHE 112, or equivalent.

Principles of clinical pathophysiology, including assessment of clinical data necessary for identifying the causes of diseases and evaluating the underlying mechanisms of pathologic processes. Discussion of immune disorders, inflammation, neoplasia and genetic disorders. Review of the individual organ system and associated pathology. Case studies, written/and or oral reports.

Upper Division

HSC 491         Management Skills in the Health Sciences (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 201.

Presentation and discussion of current concepts and trends in the administration and management of the health sciences. Educational/instructional methodologies. Student projects, written and oral.

HSC 492         Research Methods in Health Sciences (3).

Prerequisite: MAT 131 is required; CSC 101 is recommended.

Overview of research methods in health sciences, including study design, sampling, data collection and analysis, statistical techniques, and report writing. Application of research methods to development of research proposal. Critical analysis of literature. Examination of relevance of data to decision making.

HSC 494         Independent Study in Health Sciences (1-3).

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

In-depth study of a health sciences topic under the supervision of a health sciences instructor. Requires independent study contract to be completed before enrollment. Repeatable course.

HSC 495         Special Topics in Health Sciences (1-3).

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

Intensive study of a Health Sciences topic of special interest to students pursuing a career in the health professions. Topic will vary as announced. One to three hours of lecture per week.

HSC 496         Internship in Health Sciences (1-6).

Prerequisite: Health Science major; Senior status; Consent of instructor.

Students will be directed to health care facilities to serve as interns. Regular meetings are scheduled with a faculty internship supervisor to assess student progress. Up to forty hours per week.

HSC 498         Directed Research in Health Sciences (1-3).

Prerequisites: HSC 201 and HSC 308 or HEA 317.

Advanced topics and research on specific subjects in Health Sciences. Topics of research to be approved and directed by an instructor.

Infrequently Offered Courses

HSC 502         Principles of Epidemiology (3).

Overview of principles and methods of epidemiology and application to distribution of health and illness in society. Examines risk factors associated with incidence and prevalence of acute and chronic diseases in diverse populations.

HSC 503         Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (3).

Study of health behaviors and evaluation of community intervention strategies for the promotion of health and prevention of disease in diverse populations.

HSC 504         Health Policy and Administration for Health Professionals (3).

Examination of current health policy issues and health care administrative practices for health professionals. Emphasis on health care reform, managed care, case management, personnel management, financial management, the health care team, Patient Focused Care, Continuous Quality Improvement.

HSC 505         Teaching Strategies for Health Professionals (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500.

Study of effective teaching and evaluation methods in health sciences, including principles of teaching and learning, curriculum development, problem-based learning, competency-based outcomes assessment, group dynamics, and instructional media.

HSC 506         Critical Assessment of Health Science Literature (3).

Prerequisites: HSC 501, or completion of HSC 492 or equivalent and MAT 131 or equivalent, and consent of instructor.

Critical assessment of health literature in terms of research methods, application of research findings, and policy implications.

HSC 507         Measurement and Assessment in Health Professions Education (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500.

The course focuses on issues of measurement and assessment in teaching in the health professions. Emphasis is placed on approaches to testing, types of instruments, validity, reliability, and item analysis. Examines methods and approaches to evaluation of scientific research.

HSC 508         Ethical Issues in Health Care Management (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500 is recommended.

Review of ethical decision-making theories and moral principles related to health care organizational management, biomedical advances, end-of-life criteria, access to care, and the establishment, composition, and responsibilities of medical ethics committees and ethical codes of conduct.

HSC 509         Communication and Group Dynamics in Healthcare (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500 is recommended.

Assists students in understanding and improving interpersonal communication skills through structured exercises in professional presentations, scientific writing, skill development in health information technologies, and interacting with health personnel and practitioners in healthcare organizations.

HSC 512         Principles of Managed Care (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500.

Analyzes the implications to providers, consumers, and payers of managed care including the financial and operational values of capitation and other reimbursement mechanisms, medical group formation and valuation, risk assessment, and contractual issues of price, service, and payment.

HSC 515         Organizational Theory and Behavior in Health Sciences (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500; completion of core requirements is recommended.

Reviews organizational design, behavior and theory as an interdisciplinary approach to understanding health service organizations. Issues of workforce diversity, organizational development, reengineering and the use of teams to improve efficiency are analyzed.

HSC 518         Finance and Cost Accounting (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500.

Presents principles and perspectives of financial and cost management of profit and not-for-profit health care organizations with specific emphasis on the integration of contractual allowance, capitation management, cost-center accounting and reimbursement policy impact on financial management.

HSC 521         Compliance, Health Law and Research (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500.

Covers legal theories, issues, and government regulations as they pertain to management of and compliance with recognized standards of medical research and clinical trials.

HSC 524         Health Science Research and Funded Projects (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500.

Analysis of funded research projects in the health sciences, including study design, sampling, data analysis and significance of the research proposal in preparing a grant application. Critical analysis of the literature and identification of appropriate funding opportunities for grant projects.

HSC 530         Health Care Strategic Planning and Marketing (3).

Prerequisite: HSC 500.

Presents the principles and theoretical foundation of health care strategic and tactical planning, marketing, business development, managed care contract maximization, and financial analysis and modeling of alternative short and long-range strategies across the continuum of health care.

HSC 594         Independent Study (1-3).

Independent study, including research or field experience under supervision of a faculty member. Independent study contract required. Repeatable course.

HSC 595         Special Topics (1-3).

Advanced course of interest to graduate students in the health sciences. Specific topic and content will vary as announced. Repeatable course.

HSC 596         Practicum in Professional Studies (3).

Prerequisite: Completion of core courses.

Fieldwork and in-depth study of a discipline related topic under the direction of Division of Health Sciences faculty member. Graded CR/NC only. Nine hours of laboratory per week. Repeatable for credit for up to a maximum of six units.

HSC 600         Project Continuation Course (0).

Students who have completed all coursework except HSC 599 Graduate Capstone Activity may maintain continuous attendance by enrolling in this course. Signature of graduate coordinator is required.

GRN 514         Introduction to Social Gerontology (3).

Presents the framework and essence of aging from a social gerontological perspective. It covers the multifaceted issues of attitudes towards aging, family, social policy, healthcare system and the older adult, living arrangements and housing in old age, etc.

GRN 541         The Older Woman: Aging and Health Issues (3).

Explores how the aging process affects women socially, emotionally, physically, and economically. Focuses on the diversity and social status of aging women. Examines widowhood, menopause and sexuality, divorce and remarriage in old age, alternative lifestyles, etc.

GRN 543         Lesbian and Gay Aging and Health Issues (3).

Presents an overview of current developments and research trends in lesbian and gay aging. Selected health care areas include mental health and wellness, AIDS, death and dying, attitudes of health care professionals toward aging lesbians and gays.

GRN 550         Seminar in Theories of Gerontology (3).

Functions, goals, and development of theory; discussion and critical examination of biological, psychological, and sociological theories of aging. Three hours of seminar per week.

GRN 552         Seminar: Organizational Administration (3).

Clarification of organizational goals, initiating fund raising, marketing, and the administration of organizations to provide needed community services. Three hours of seminar per week.

GRN 555         Seminar in Social Policy and Economics of Aging (3).

Overview of existing programs and funding resources emphasizing major legislation affecting older adults, e.g., social security, Older Americans Act, Medicare and MediCal. Economic implications for individuals, communities and the nation. Demands for goods and services and consumer patterns for the aging population. Three hours of seminar per week.

GRN 558         Seminar in Life Options and Retirement Planning (3).

Study of techniques of advising individuals and groups about adjustments to retirement and sharing of information about options in later life including changing personal and social relationships, financial planning, housing, government benefits, pensions, legal issues, e.g., wills, medical forms. Three hours of seminar per week.

GRN 562         Counseling the Older Adult (3).

A study of basic counseling skills and specific techniques from the area of family therapy, which will be applied to the older adult population. Covers history, characteristics, problems and needs of aging, and treatment plans for counseling.

GRN 563         Seminar in Community Services for the Older Adult (3).

Assessment of changing needs and special issues for communities. Identification of community resources and their mobilization and organization. Action strategies such as establishment of nonprofit corporations, lobbying, advisory councils, volunteers, peer counseling, and development of professionals and new careers. Three hours of seminar per week.

GRN 564         Nutrition and the Mature Adult (3).

Examines nutritional concepts and scientific findings in maintaining health throughout the aging process. Addresses environmental factors necessary to safeguard food safety as well as their role in designing sound nutritional programs for the mature adult.

GRN 565         Seminar in Long-Term Care for the Older Person (3).

Overview of programs and facilities available for aged and frail elderly population. Special issues, present patterns, and future trends in this field are explored. Assessment models for individuals and groups requiring special attention will be presented. Three hours of seminar per week.

GRN 567         Perspectives on Death and Dying (3).

Personal and social attitudes toward death, reactions of the terminally ill, grief, the funeral, effects of war and holocaust, implications of life prolonging advances in technology from psychological, sociological and cross-cultural perspectives.

GRN 595         Seminar: Special Topics in Gerontology (1-3).

Study of a current topic in Gerontology. Repeatable for total of six units. One to three hours of seminar per week.

GRN 596         Internship in Gerontology (3).

Students will be directed to appropriate agencies and centers to work as interns within their chosen area of specialization. Regular meetings scheduled with a faculty internship supervisor to assess student progress. Repeatable for credit up to six units. One hour of seminar per week in addition to internship.

GRN 597         Directed Reading in Gerontology (3).

In consultation with a faculty member, completion of readings to prepare for the comprehensive examination; or for orientation to a little known topic; or as background for writing a research, thesis, or project proposal. CR/NC grading. Repeatable for total of six units.

GRN 598         Directed Research in Gerontology (3).

Conduct of pilot studies, development of research instruments, or similar independent research in preparation for the project or thesis, under the supervision of a faculty member in Gerontology or any other area of Health Science. CR/NC grading. Repeatable for total of six units.

GRN 599         Thesis or Project in Gerontology (3).

In consultation with a faculty member, writing of a masters thesis or completion of a project in Gerontology. Choice of area requires prior consent of advisor. Repeatable for credit up to six units. CR/NC grading.

GRN 600         Graduate Continuation Course in Gerontology (0).

Graduate Gerontology students who have completed their course work but not their thesis, project, or comprehensive examination, or who have other requirements remaining for the completion of their degree, may maintain continuous attendance by enrolling in this course. Signature of graduate program coordinator required.