Dear Habermas Logo and Site Index A Jeanne Site

Child Labor

California State University, Dominguez Hills
University of Wisconsin, Parkside
Latest update: January 24, 2000
E-mail Faculty on the Site.

WSSA Submission on Child Labor
Links for Child Labor



Child Labor, Competitive Markets,
and Where Shall We Find an Interstate Commerce Clause?

by Dolly Honor Klett
California State University, Dominguez Hills
and Susan Takata
University of Wisconsin, Parkside
October 1999

Child labor was of major concern as the U.S. grew into industrialization. Children who had once worked hard, but relatively safely in the fields were now subjected to the dangers of machinery in the factories. As each state tried to enact child safety laws and prohibit child labor, other states clamored for their market share, forcing them back to allowing child labor. Finally, the federal government stepped in with the Interstate Commerce Clause, making it illegal to ship goods across state lines if the goods were made by child labor. Now, as we shift to global markets, and as there is no international legal group with the power to enforce the prohibition of child labor, what issues will we once again face in this matter. This paper reviews historical parallels.


Susan, Dolly and students, Writing for an abstract isn't quite writing for a lecture. Here, in response to Michael's questions, I want to be sure I've said what we mean clearly and simply:

As I understand our discussions:



Links on Child Labor

Who Was Iqbal Masih? See alsoSchool for Iqbal

Archives on child labor in LA Times

Stolen Dreams
Gallery of photographs of children's work across the world, designed to make us more aware of the effects on their health.

About Child Labor
U.S. Department of Labor's description of child labor standards world-wide.

U.S. Executive Order: "Prohibition of Acquisition of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor"

Additional links