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California State University, Dominguez Hills
University of Wisconsin, Parkside
Latest update: November 13, 1999
Curran or Takata.
This definition draws on Joan Kemp's Women's Work (Check title and citation.) Kemp does an excellent analysis of sociological theories in terms of where we see the source of a social problem, and where we believe the solution lies, in the individual or in the social structure. Kemp, Chapters 3 and 4.
A fascinating continuum for comparing social theories is Kemp's individualistic vs. structural. She provides a simple test, one that yields some surprises.
Note that in each of the above cases we have in mind individuals who are behaving badly toward other individuals. So Kemp would say that we see the problem as located in individuals.