A Justice Site
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Lectures - Home Page for transform-dom
California State University, Dominguez Hills
University of Wisconsin, Parkside
Created: September 7, 2005
Latest Update: September 7, 2005
Arnold came to share his dismay and ethical problems in defending a man in a gang-related multiple murder, and especially his concerns that since the man was not one of the shooters that there should be some difference in the sentence, life without parole, given to oth him and the shooter.
- We talked about the ethical considerations dictated by the State Bar of California, that the defense attorney must present the defense in the light most favorable to the defendant. The defense must seek any and all facts that may be construed, including mitigation, that would tend to lighten the verdict and the sentence for his defendant.
On the other hand, the prosecution must seek truth and justice, meaning that if the prosecution has knowledge of any facts or cases or evidence that would tend to disculpate the defendant. Thus, the prosecutor's obligation is not to get a conviction, but to assure the People that any conviction represents the best possible search for truth and justice.
- The murders were gang-related, and we discussed the complex and difficult social issues that come with gang-related crime.
Special Topics: Love 1A
- I didn't have the energy Tuesday evening to put up a theoretical position on the guelphs, but we did talk about it on Tuesday.
A Guelph is any material thing that we can give to one another in exchange that carries with it a message of a loving orientation to the world. The guelph is meant to remind the receiver that we are focussed on that loving orientation. Our experience is that giving a guelph to a stranger or to a friend brings a smile to their face. Increasing the possiblity for seeing our own reality as lovable.
We talked about the social role that cigarettes once played, in that they were the only thing a stranger could walk up and ask for and that the Other would gladly give. One who smoked almost always had cigarettes on them, and almost always was willing to share. We hope that the guelphs we create as cards, or little pictures, or as a tiny plastic frog or fish, or whatever, will begin to replace that omnipresent cigarette of long ago, as a means of sharing and reinfocing our loving orientation to the world.
The cigarette, the guelph, is a metaphor for the investment of love in the world context in which we live.
- variables - anything that varies, age, education, gender, income, religion, beliefs, attitudes, etc.
- independent and dependent variables - the dependent variable is the one that depends on how you manipulate the independent variable.
example - if you made the room cooler, we could learn more effectively
- temperature of the room is the independent variable - you can alter the temperature to see what happens to learning
- learning is the dependent variable - how would you measure it?
levels of variables - nominal, ordinal, interval
- nominal - named categories, republican, democratic, independent - all of presumably equal status
- ordinal - strongly agree, agree, don't care, disagree, strongly disagree - this kind of measurement gives you ranked categories, one higher or lower than the other on level of agreement
- interval - no. of years of education, actual income, actual age - this kind of measurement provides equal intervals: one year of education, one dollar of income, one year of age