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Learning Theory

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California State University, Dominguez Hills
University of Wisconsin, Parkside
Created: January 18, 2006
Latest Update: January 18, 2006

E-Mail Icon jeannecurran@habermas.org
takata@uwp.edu

Index of Topics on Site Learning Theory to Address No Child Left Behind
Starting a review of learning theory:

References:

  • Explorations in Learning & Instruction: The Theory Into Practice Database Greg Kearsley's Website.

  • Anxiety "state anxiety, increased arousal due to environmental factors;" " trait anxiety, an individual's characteristic way of reacting to arousal;" " reduced opportunities for failure in a task." On Greg Kearsley's Theroy into Practice Website.
  • Explorations in Learning & Instruction: The Theory Into Practice Database Greg Kearsley's Website.
  • Constructivism Learning as an active on-going process.
  • Constructivist Theory (J. Bruner) Describing the importance of pattern recognition. Consider our boxes, made of squares.
    "Example:

    'This example is taken from Bruner (1973):

    'The concept of prime numbers appears to be more readily grasped when the child, through construction, discovers that certain handfuls of beans cannot be laid out in completed rows and columns. Such quantities have either to be laid out in a single file or in an incomplete row-column design in which there is always one extra or one too few to fill the pattern. These patterns, the child learns, happen to be called prime. It is easy for the child to go from this step to the recognition that a multiple table , so called, is a record sheet of quantities in completed mutiple rows and columns. Here is factoring, multiplication and primes in a construction that can be visualized.' ' "

  • Guilford, The Structure of Intellect On Greg Kearsley's Theroy into Practice Website. There are many different kinds of intelligence.
  • Attitudes On Greg Kearsley's Theroy into Practice Website. Festinger's cognitive dissonance. "attitude change is caused by conflict among beliefs. A number of factors determine the strength of the dissonance and hence how much effort is required to change attitudes. By manipulating these factors, attitude change can be facilitated or inhibited."
  • Imagery. On Greg Kearsley's Theroy into Practice Website. Paivio's dual coding theory. "Recall/recognition is enhanced by presenting information in both visual and verbal form."
  • Metacognition On Greg Kearsley's Theroy into Practice Website. Flavel, "as children get older they demonstrate more awareness of their thinking processes." One can see how their early thinking that they don't "get" math, could carry over in their mind to a fear fo math learning. Same thing for language.
  • Taxonomies On Greg Kearsley's Theroy into Practice Website. Bloom and Krathwohl. "The Affective domain (e.g., Krathwhol, Bloom & Masia, 1964) consisted of behaviors corresponding to: attitudes of awareness, interest, attention, concern, and responsibility, ability to listen and respond in interactions with others, and ability to demonstrate those attitudinal characteristics or values which are appropriate to the test situation and the field of study. This domain relates to emotions, attitudes, appreciations, and values, such as enjoying, conserving, respecting, and supporting."
  • Social Constructivism. Graduate Student Teaching Guide. Berkeley.



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