General Characteristics of Agriculture, Industrial, and Information Age Age Distribution of Population

Shorter life span: plagues, diseases effected all social classes

  • Industrial Age:
  • Life span increased in developed, industrial countries, but new industrial and social diseases emerged

  • Information Age:
  • Aging populations in developed North countries, not developing South countries (where population is still more of child bearing age)

    Information/Data on Age Distribution of Population in Spain

    The growth of the Spanish population has been low in the last few centuries, to the point that it has only slightly exceeded a 1% annual average. This was negative due to a high mortality rate which was hardly offset by an equally high birth rate. To all this should be added a very negative emigration balance, which resulted in the great transatlantic migrations to Latin America.

    Therefore the Spanish population which by the middle of the 16th century was approximately 7.5 million, took almost 300 years to double, but doubled again in only 100 years, and by 1960 has reached 30 million inhabitants. From the turn of the century, the rapid decrease of mortality rates followed, some years later, by a slower descent in the birth rate caused an accelerated rate of growth which, however, did not exceed and annual 1% owing again to the generally negative emigration balance, which since 1950's has been directed primarily towards Europe.


    Population Structure.
    Major changes have taken place in the Spanish demographic structure since 1975, and above all during the eighties, raising serious questions about the consequences of such a profound mutation. Spain has recently begun to suffer problems which were peculiar to more advanced societies until a very few years ago, such as the ageing of the population, although these problems are still less acute in Spain than in other European Community countries. This is because the high fertility and birth rates during the sixties and the first years of the sLties have made the Spanish opulation one of the youngest on the continent. Therefore, while the proportion of over 65-year olds in Denmark, the United Kingdom, Belgium and Germany in 1990 was 16%, they amounted to only 13% of the total population in Spain.

    Structure of the population (percentages) in Spain according to age: Year: 1991
    Under 15 years:19%
    15 to 64 years:67%
    65 and older :14%
    Spain's age distribution would reflect that they are entering the information age