Dr. Linda Groff & Dr. Paul Smoker
Co-Directors, Global Options
NONVIOLENCE HOME PAGE
Web Technician: _____
In a world of ever more powerful and potentially destructive technology,
that is increasingly interdependent, it is vitally important that we find
nonviolence ways to resolve our conflicts.
See a summary article on the evolution of "Six
Types of Peace" in Western and global peace research, by Paul
Smoker and Linda Groff. Note that each type of peace builds on the previous
types--including these and adding an additional element, until peace finally
becomes a very holistic, multi-level and multi-dimensional entity. Note
that each of these six types of peace has a corresponding type of nonviolence
that goes with it. These six types of peace include:
- Peace as absense of war
- Peace as Balance of Forces (Military, Political, Economic, Social,
Technological, Etc.) in the International System
- Peace as Negative Peace (No Physical Violence or War) and Positive
Peace (No Structural Violence in the International System or in States
on the Macro Level)
- Feminist Peace as No Structural Violence on Macro Levels or Micro Levels
(of the Family or Community)
- Holistic Gaia Peace--adding Peace with the Environment
- Holistic Inner-Outer Peace--adding Inner Peace to all the previous
types of outer peace (above).
Books and Articles:
- Fischer, Louis. Gandhi: His Life and Message for the World.
New York: New American Library, 1954. (pb) ISBN 0-451-61623-5
- Fischer, Louis. The Life of Mahatma Gandhi. New York: Harper
& Row, 1950. (pb) ISBN 0-06-091038-0
- Washington, James M., Ed. The Essential Writings and Speeches of
Martin Luther King, Jr. Harper San Francisco, A Division of Harper
Collins, 1986. (pb) ISBN 0-06-064691-8
- Ingram, Catherine. In the Footsteps of Gandhi: Conversations with
Spiritual Social Activists. Berkeley, CA: Parallax Press, An Institute
of Noetic Sciences Book, 1990. (pb) ISBN 0-938077-24-4
- Hunter, Doris A., and Mallick, Krishna. Nonviolence: A Reader in the
Ethics of Action. Second Edition, New York: University Press of America,
1990. (pb) ISBN 0-8191-7727-X
- O'Gorman, Angie, Ed., with a Foreword by Colman McCarthy. The Universe
Bends Toward Justice: A Reader on Christian Nonviolence in the U.S.
Philadelphia, PA and Santa Cruz, CA: New Society Publishers, 1990. (pb)
Films, Videos, CD's, Multimedia:
Simulations, Games, Interactive Exercises:
TRADITIONAL AND ONLINE SOURCES:
Journals, Magazines, Newsletters:
- Truthseeker, Newsletter of the M. K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence.
- M. K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence. Address: Christian Brothers
University, 650 East Parkway, South, Memphis, TN 38104. Tel: 901/452-2824.
Fax: 901/452-2775. E-Mail: email@example.com
- Martin Luther King Center for Nonviolence, Atlanta, Georgia.
- Martin Luther King Center for Nonviolence, Los Angeles, CA.
Conferences of Organizations:
Declarations of Organizations:
University & Other Programs:
ONLINE (INTERNET & WORLD WIDE WEB) SOURCES:
Web Home Pages:
CONTACT CO-DIRECTORS, GLOBAL OPTIONS, VIA E-MAIL FOR MORE INFORMATION:
Also contact Co-Directors, Global Options, if you have important
information that you think should be added to this Home Page, or other
related Home Pages. Thank you.
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This Web Page Last Updated September 9, 1996
***NOTE: Additional material --both traditional and online--is
constantly being added to this Web Page. Please check again. Thank you.