Common and Trade Names of Chemicals
Common and Trade Names of Chemicals

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Common name Chemical name Formula
Alcohol, wood methanol, methyl alcohol CH3OH
Alcohol, grain Ethanol or ethyl alcohol C2H5OH
Alcohol, rubbing 2-propanol, propyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol
Alcohol Ethyl alcohol
Alka Seltzer Sodium bicarbonate
Alum Potassium aluminum sulfate dodecahydrate
Alumina Aluminum oxide Al2O3
Alundum Fused alumina
Antifreeze Ethylene glycol
Antipersperant Aluminum chlorohydrate
Aqua regia 1:3 mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids HNO3+HCl
Aspirin Acetyl salicylic acid
Baking soda Sodium hydrogen carbonate NaHCO3
Baking powder Sodium bicarbonate
Banana oil Amyl acetate
Baryta Barium oxide
Barytes Barium sulfate
Battery acid Sulfuric acid
Bauxite Hydrated aluminum oxide
Benzol Benzene
Bleach (laundry) Sodium hypochlorite NaClO
Bleaching powder Calcium chloride hypochlorite
Blue vitrol Copper (II) sulfate CuSO4*5H2O
Bluestone Copper II sulfate pentahydrate CuSO3*5H2O
Boracic acid Boric acid
Borax Sodium tetraborate decahydrate Na2B4O7*10H2O
Brass Alloy of copper and zinc
Brimstone Sulfur S
Bronze Alloy of copper and tin
Calamine Zinc carbonate
Calcite Calcium carbonate
Calgon Calcium hexametaphosphate
Calomel Mercurous chloride
Carbolic acid Phenol
Carbon tetrachloride Tetrachloromethane CCl4
Carborundum Silicon carbide
Caustic soda Sodium hydroxide
Chalk Calcium carbonate
Chile saltpeter Sodium nitrate
Chloroform Trichloromethane CHCl3
Chlorox Hypochlorus acid
Chrome yellow Lead chromate
Cinnabar Mercury II sulfide HgS
Club soda Carbonic acid
Copperas Hydrated ferrous sulfate
Corrosive sublimate Mercuric chloride
Cream of tartar Potassium hydrogen tartrate KHC4H4O6
DDT Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane
Dextrose Glucose
Diamond Carbon C
Dolomite Calcium magnesium carbonate CaCO3*MgCO3
Drano Sodium hydroxide
Easy-off oven cleaner Sodium hydroxide
Egg shells Calcium carbonate
Epsom salts Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate MgSO4*7H2O
Ether Ethyl ether
Ex-lax Phenolphthalein
Fertilizer component Ammonium nitrate
Flurostan Stannous fluoride
Fool's gold Iron Pyrites
Formalin 40% solution of formaldehyde
Freon (refrigerant) Dichlorodifluoromethane CCl2F2
Galena Zinc sulfide
Galena Lead II sulfide PbS
Glauber's salt Hydrated sodium sulfate
Glycerine Glycerol
Grain alcohol Ethanol or ethyl alcohol C2H5OH
Graphite Carbon C
Green vitriol Hydrated ferrous sulfate
Gypsum Calcium sulfate dihydrate CaSO4*2H2O
Heavy water Deuterium oxide
Hypo Sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate Na2S2O3*5H2O
Ice bite Calcium chloride
Invert sugar Mixture of glucose and fructose
Laughing gas Dinitrogen oxide N2O
Levulose Fructose
Lime Calcium oxide CaO
Limestone Calcium carbonate CaCO3
Liquid paper Titanium dioxide
Lite salt Potassium chloride
Litharge Lead monoxide
Lithopone Mixture of zinc sulfide and barium sulfate
Liver of sulfur Potassium sulfide
LOX Liquid oxygen
Lunar caustic Silver nitrate
Lye Sodium hydroxide NaOH
Magnesia Magnesium oxide
Marble Calcium carbonate CaCO3
Margarine Partially saturated fatty acid
Marsh gas Methane
MEK Methyl ethyl ketone CH3COC2H5
Microcosmic salt Hydrated sodium ammonium hydrogen phosphate
Milk sugar Lactose
Milk of magnesia Magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)2
Milk of lime Calcium hydroxide
Mohr's salt Hydrated ferrous ammonium sulfate
Moth balls Naphthalene
Msg Sodium hydrogen glutamate
Muriatic acid Hydrochloric acid HCl
Nutrasweet Aspartame
Oil of bitter almonds Benzaldehyde
Oil of vitriol Sulfuric acid (conc.) H2SO4
Oil of mirbane Nitrobenzene
Oil of vitriol Concentrated sulfuric acid
Oil of winter green Methyl salicylate
Oleum Fuming sulfuric acid
Paris green Double salt of copper acetate and copper arsenite
Perier Carbonic acid
Pewter Alloy of tin, antimony, copper, and lead
Phosgene Carbonyl chloride
Photographic hypo Sodium thiosoulfate
Picric acid Trinitrophenol
Plaster Calcium hydroxide
Plaster of Paris Calcium sulfate hemihydrate CaSO4*(1/2)H2O
Potash Potassium carbonate K2CO3
Prussian blue Ferric ferrocyanide
Pyrite (fool's gold) Iron disulfide FeS2
Quartz Silicon dioxide SiO2
Quicklime Calcium oxide
Quicksilver Mercury Hg
Rochelle salt Potassium sodium tartrate
Rolaids Dihydroxyaluminum sodium carbonate
Rouge Ferric oxide
Rubbing alcohol 2-propanol, propyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol
Sal ammoniac Ammonium chloride NH4Cl
Sal soda Hydrated sodium carbonate
Sal ammoniac Ammonium chloride
Salt, table Sodium chloride NaCl
Salt, lite Potassium chloride
Saltpeter Potassium nitrate KNO3
Sand Silicon dioxide SiO2
Sani-flush Sodium bisulfate
Saran wrap Poly-1,1-dichloroethylene
Silica Silicon dioxide
Slaked lime Calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2
Smelling salts Ammonium carbonate
Soda ash (washing soda) Sodium carbonate
Solder Alloy of tin and antimony
Sugar Sucrose
Sugar, table Sucrose C12H22O11
Sugar of lead Hydrated lead acetate
Sun-tan lotion Para-aminobenzoic acid
Teflon A polymer of tetrafluoroethylene
TNT Trinitrotoluene
Toluol Toluene
TSP (Tri) Sodium Phosphate Na3PO4
Tums Calcium carbonate
Turnbull's blue Ferrous ferricyanide
Tylenol Acetominophen
Vinegar Acetic acid, ethanoic acid
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid
Washing soda Sodium carbonate decahydrate NaCO3*10H2O
Washing soda Hydrated sodium carbonate
Water softener Barium hydroxide
White lead Basic lead carbonate
Windex Ammonia
Wood alcohol Methyl alcohol, methanol CH3OH
Zinc blend Zinc sulfide